What is Fibromyalgia? What are the Causes and Symptoms of Fibromyalgia, How is it Treated?

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Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Associate Professor Ahmet İnanır gave important information about the subject. Fibromyalgia should be characterized as a difference characterized by widespread pain in muscles and bones and the presence of sensitive areas in certain anatomical regions. Regional or widespread pain is accompanied by morning fatigue, anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbance. Symptoms cannot be measured by any test, there is no objective data. It is definitely not a rheumatic disease.

What are the causes of fibromyalgia?

What causes fibromyalgia has not been fully determined yet. However, as a result of many years of research, it has been understood that some factors trigger the disease. Personality structure: It is mostly seen in individuals who are sensitive, perfectionists and have a personality structure that is quickly affected by events. Infections can cause Fibromyalgia or worsen symptoms.

What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia?

Symptoms of fibromyalgia are fatigue, sleep problems, not feeling rested despite sleeping for a long time and having trouble getting out of bed, headache, depressed mood, anxiety, difficulty in focusing or concentrating, abdominal pain, ringing in the ears, reluctance to exercise and fatigue, digestive problems, arm and It can be listed as a feeling of swelling, numbness and tingling in the legs.

What are the risk factors for fibromyalgia?

It affects 1-2% of the population and women between the ages of 40-55 make up the majority.

How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?

According to current information, patients with widespread pain that lasts for three months or more and cannot be based on a medical reason are diagnosed with fibromyalgia. There is no lab test that can detect fibromyalgia.

How is fibromyalgia treatment done?

The aim of the treatment of fibromyalgia is to manage the body sensors (receptors) that make you feel more pain, and to increase the quality of life, to improve the quality of life, to develop coping methods and to provide a new perspective.

There is also a genetic predisposition. As people who are prone to wrinkling face should do more skin care, or people who are prone to knee arthritis should avoid weight gain, heavy activities, they should stay away from the stressors that they have experienced before and that affect them and have enough care.

Osteopathic Manual therapy, Neural therapy, Prolotherapy, Ozone therapy (especially Ozone therapy should be made a part of their lives), Hacamat, Kinesiology taping, Cognitive Behavioral therapy, as well as coping methods should be brought to their lives. Acupuncture, Dry needling, Meditation, Massage, a balanced and healthy diet, regular exercise, and sleeping with a quality sleep will also contribute to the treatment effectiveness.

Collaboration with a specialist doctor is essential for treatment. It has been repeatedly experienced that medication alone is insufficient. Treatment should be started and continued with combined treatment methods.

Which doctor should be visited for fibromyalgia?

It would be ideal for fibromyalgia individuals to apply to a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialist for accurate diagnosis and adequate treatment. A multidisciplinary (involving multiple clinicians) approach is required.

What are fibromyalgia exercises?

Exercising provides significant benefits in controlling fibromyalgia symptoms and attacks. Exercises that provide a proper posture in the body, strengthen the muscles and increase their endurance must be an integral part of fibromyalgia treatment. In those who exercise, it is noticeable that there is a decrease in pain and fatigue and an improvement in sleep problems. But vigorous exercise can trigger fibromyalgia symptoms. Aerobics, stretching and strengthening exercises, swimming and walking should be made into a lifestyle.

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Associate Professor Ahmet Inanır finally explained the ways to prevent Fibromyalgia; Fibromyalgia is an uncomfortable condition that negatively affects quality of life. To avoid fibromyalgia and its negative effects, to exercise regularly, to sleep in a dark room regularly, to take drinks such as tea and coffee in doses that can disrupt sleep patterns, to stay away from stressful situations and environments, to learn and apply coping methods, to eat healthy, to be under regular therapy care, yourself zamThey benefit from lifestyle changes such as taking time off, spending time with loved ones, and taking up hobbies.

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