What is Fibromyalgia? What are the Symptoms? How Is It Treated?


Medicana Sivas Hospital Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Dr. Mustafa Kısa stated that fibromyalgia, which is known as chronic pain and fatigue syndrome, which is common in the world, is one of the most important causes of loss of work and power, and that the disease is 10 times more common in women than men.

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Dr. Mustafa Kısa gave information about fibromyalgia, a musculoskeletal disease that develops due to stress and mental state. Short, ”Fibromyalgia is a disease that manifests itself with many complaints as well as long-term widespread muscle pain, morning fatigue and stiffness caused by non-resting sleep. Since the main symptoms are related to muscle and other soft tissues, it is also called soft tissue rheumatism. Fibromyalgia, which is common all over the world, is one of the most important causes of work and power loss. It is more prevalent among those who work meticulous, perfectionist, do not like their profession, and work in intensive and stressful jobs between the ages of 30-50. It is 10 times more common in women than in men. " said.

Stating that there are many complaints and complaints in patients such as' I have no place that does not hurt ',' I wake up like a beating ',' I have no cure and strength in my arms and legs', 'I cannot do anything', I have such severe pain, but nobody believes me ', Kısa said: .

“Inflammatory bowel syndrome manifested by morning fatigue, swelling, numbness and tingling in the hands and arms, persistent migraine-like headaches, palpitations, abdominal pain and changes in bowel habits, unexplained frequent urination and burning, painful menstruation, concentration disorders, Complaints such as excessive sweating are common. Pain, which is the most important finding of the disease, is in the right and left sides of the body, in the upper and lower halves, as well as in the spine. Although a large number of complaints lead the patients to the doctor doctor, most of them zamThe diagnosis is made too late. The late diagnosis of these patients, who have to cope with many complaints, and the fact that their relatives do not believe in the disease and cannot find someone to share their troubles and troubles with is a separate problem.”

A disease that can be cured

Explaining that there is no laboratory and imaging method specific to fibromyalgia, Kısa said, “Actually, exclusion of other diseases that cause similar complaints is an important detail in the diagnosis. For the diagnostic criteria that have been accepted for many years, generalized pain accompanying tenderness in 18 of 11 tender points in different parts of the body and lasting longer than 3 months was sufficient for the diagnosis. But the last zamhas changed, albeit a little, at times. Education of patients and their relatives is the cornerstone of treatment. Making both the patient and their relatives accept that the disease is real is important in solving the trust problem in the patient. It is a non-life-threatening disease that does not cause permanent disability. There is no stereotyped treatment method and a specific treatment program is arranged for each patient. Since it is a chronic disease, it requires a lot of patience for both the patient and the physician. It is aimed to eliminate complaints, increase the functional level and improve the quality of life. Clinical evidence has shown that some drugs, physical therapy agents, cognitive behavioral therapies, and exercise and sportive activities can be effective. Alone and frequently used painkillers, antirheumatic drugs and muscle relaxants are both harmless and cause a lot of side effects because they are used frequently. he said.

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