Within the scope of the Olympic Games, participants from different countries and different sports branches gather in one of the major cities of a country predetermined by the Olympic Committee. All of the competitions held in the Olympics, which include a great competition as well as cohesion and brotherhood, are called the Olympic Games.
History of the Olympic Games
The origins of the Olympics, known today as the modern Olympic Games, are based on the festivities organized in the name of God Zeus in Ancient Greece. B.C. The festival, which was held in 776 in the Olimpia region of Greece with the recommendation of the Spartan King Likorgos, is known as the first Olympic games in history. This activity, which started with a number of games in a small area, was moved to much larger areas in the future and new sports branches were added to the program.
B.C. In 146, the Greek lands were occupied by the Romans, but the games continued to be held in Athens. In AD 392, the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II ended this tradition by demolishing the areas where these games were held. Most of the traces of the old Olympic Games were erased, as the areas where the festivities were held were heavily damaged due to the earthquakes and floods that took place between AD 2 and 522. The first modern Olympics was organized in Athens in 551 under the leadership of Baron Pierre de Coubertin, who is known today as the founder of the modern Olympics.
How Many Years Are Olympics Held?
While the Olympic Games lasted only one day in Ancient Greece due to the limited number of games and venues, the festivities went up to five days as the organization developed. The first Olympics, also held in the form of a festival, were held every eight years because of the belief that the souls of the dead are resurrected every eight years. Modern Olympics, which started in 1896 under the leadership of Baron Pierre de Coubertin and carried to the present day, are held every four years.
Importance of the Olympic Games
Olympic Games; It brings together athletes of different countries, regardless of language, religion or race. In this organization, which has certain standards and rules, the importance of honesty, brotherhood and being together with all the differences is emphasized. Apart from this, these organizations aim to show that healthy life is integrated with sports and activities all over the world.
The Olympic games are a very important organization in terms of carrying sports activities to a universal dimension and ensuring their development. One of the main goals of the Olympics is to nurture the interest of new and next generations in sports thanks to its sport-promoting feature.
Today, the economic aspect of the Olympics is also very important. Countries hosting this giant organization earn significant income from both television broadcasts and touristic activities. In addition, the countries hosting the Olympics; While finding the opportunity to develop rapidly in terms of facilities, infrastructure, culture and tourism, it also strengthens its international image.
What are the Olympic Branches?
In the modern sense, the Olympics are divided into different categories as Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics. Today's Olympics include many different sports branches. The main ones of these Olympic branches can be listed as follows:
Sports branches of the Summer Olympics:
- Baseball / Softball
- Wave Surfing
Sports branches of the Winter Olympics:
- Alpine skiing
- Ski Run
- Ski Jumping
- Northern Combined
- Freestyle Skiing
- Race Sled
- Speed Skating
- Short Track Speed Skating
- Figure Skating
- Ice Hockey
The 24 Summer Olympics, planned to be held between July 9 and August 2020, 1964 in Tokyo, which previously hosted the Olympics in 2020, have been postponed to 19 due to the COVID-2021 outbreak. The organization is planned to take place between 23 July and 8 August 2021.