Expert Dietitian Dila İrem Sertcan gave information about the subject. Endometriosis, also known as chocolate cyst, is a gynecological disease that is defined as the presence of endometrium-like tissue growing outside the uterine cavity and can be commonly seen in women of reproductive age. Although it is a disease characterized by painful menstruation, painful intercourse, painful defecation, painful urination and infertility, many non-specific symptoms such as pelvic pain, fatigue, bloating and back pain can be seen. Symptoms can be alleviated with appropriate nutritional therapy in endometriosis. Let's see how nutrition should be in endometriosis?
Lots of antioxidants
Since inflammation is seen intensely in endometriosis, adequate antioxidant consumption should be ensured by eating at least 5 portions of vegetables and fruits per day. Resveratrol, which is found in foods such as blackberries, dark grapes, blueberries, raspberries, mulberries, peanuts, pistachios, vine leaves, goat ears, shows a positive effect in the treatment of the disease by reducing inflammation. However, DIM (diindolylmethane) found in cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and cardamom is also highly effective in the treatment of endometriosis.
Your pain reliever: foods
The fatty acid amide named palmitoylethanolamine (PEA) acts as a pain reliever and reduces symptoms such as painful menstruation, painful sexual intercourse and painful defecation due to endometriosis. PEA is found in eggs and peanuts. In addition, foods such as walnuts, sour cherries, celery, blueberries, olive oil, fish, apple cider vinegar, black grapes, broccoli, pineapple, radishes also have a pain-relieving effect.
Eat carrots with fish!
The combination of omega-3 fatty acids (oily fish, flaxseed, walnuts, purslane) and vitamin B6 (meat, fish, poultry, starchy vegetables such as celery-carrot-beetroot, legumes, bananas, avocados) effectively alleviate the symptoms associated with endometriosis. treats. In order to benefit adequately from the inflammation-reducing effect of omega-3, fish should be consumed twice a week and omega-2 sources such as flaxseed, walnuts and chia seeds should be added to the diet.
Harness the power of spices
Spices such as turmeric, black pepper, ginger, cinnamon, coriander, and sumac, which have anti-inflammatory effects, should be consumed to suppress inflammation, which is intensely seen in endometriosis.
Take care of liver health!
The liver plays a role in hormone regulation by acting on estrogen metabolism. Therefore, foods effective on liver health; Broccoli, garlic, onions, artichokes, celery should be added to the diet.
get your vitamin D levels checked routinely
Because vitamin D affects immune function and promotes anti-inflammatory processes, it can affect endometriosis and endometriosis-related symptoms. For adequate vitamin D, sunlight should be benefited and vitamin D sources such as egg yolk, oily fish (salmon, sardines, etc.) should be consumed. Vitamin D levels should be checked routinely and supplementation should be made under the control of a physician if there is a deficiency.
Improving gut health can relieve symptoms.
Studies show that lactobacilli-rich foods such as probiotic yogurt and kefir reduce the symptoms of endometriosis.
Watch out for these foods!
Soy is rich in phytoestrogens and can stimulate endometriosis by stimulating estrogen activity. Therefore it should be avoided. High consumption of simple sugars and trans fats found in packaged and processed foods such as chips, instant cakes, and snacks increase the symptoms of endometriosis.
Gluten or not?
Although the number of people following a gluten-free diet in endometriosis is high, there is not enough evidence that gluten-free diet alleviates the symptoms of endometriosis in women who are not gluten intolerant.