Charlie Chaplin (Born April 16, 1889, London - Born December 25, 1977), British cinema director, actor, writer, soundtrack composer, editor and comedian. He has become synonymous with the character named “Şarlo” (English: Charlot, Tramp).
Born and raised in a poor part of London, Chaplin started cinema in the USA, where he went in 1913. In Kid Auto Races in Venice, shot after his first film Making A Living in 1914, he created the character of "Charlo," with baggy trousers, bowler hat, oversized shoes, constantly turning his cane and creating ridiculous scenes with his clumsy movements. In the years that followed, he appeared in more than sixty short films, including the 1917 films The Immigrant and The Adventurer, gaining an unprecedented reputation worldwide, with the influence of the nascent cinema. Chaplin, who started feature films with the movie A Dog's Life, which he shot in 1918, became a partner of the United Artists film company, which he founded with Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and DW Griffith, and after he became a partner of Gold Rush, City Lights, The Great Dictator, Asri ZamHe made masterpieces such as moments, Circus and Stage Lights.
Featuring scenes, choreographies and acrobatic movements that may seem impossible for the conditions of the period in his films, Chaplin was able to display his dramatic structure in the scenes where the excitement and movement was minimized, while preserving all the examples of comedy cinema. Populist approaches, no zamHe melted his heavy criticisms of some management styles and technology, which he did not adopt at the moment, in this comedy style and was able to reach the audience quietly.
Despite collecting the admiration of people in every country where his films are shown all over the world with the 'modern clown' he created, the smear campaign initiated in this country due to his rejection of United States citizenship; Chaplin was banned from entering the United States due to events such as four separate marriages with women who were quite younger than him, paternity lawsuit opened for him for a while, the scene in which he kicked a US officer in The Immigrant movie, and finally interpreting some scenes in the Gold Rush movie as communist propaganda. Chaplin, who settled in Switzerland, where he and his wife and children will live until the end of his life, returned to the USA years later to receive the Oskar Special Award in 1972. In the following year, he won the Oscar award once again with the movie called Stage Lights. When he was 1975 years old in 86, Queen of England II. She was awarded the title of knight by Elizabeth.
Charlie Chaplin (Charlough) was born on April 16, 1889, in East Lane, Walworth, one of London's poorest districts. Charlie's mother and father who left before he was three years old were professional artists working in music halls and various theaters. His mother, Hannah Harriet Pedlingham Hill (1865-1928), whose stage name was Lily Harley, first appeared on stage professionally at the age of 19. Growing up in various houses in London's poor neighborhoods with his mother and his brother Sydney Chaplin, his life was challenged by the situation of his mother, who experienced psychological imbalances. Anne Hannah lost her voice during a stage performance in 1894, and her psychological problems increased immediately after the economic difficulties she experienced. After her hospitalization in a rehabilitation center, her children Charlie and Sydney were sent to their father, Charles Chaplin Sr., who lived with his mistress. Charlie and Sydney were sent to Kennington Road School during this period. Charles Chaplin Sr would lose his life when his son Charlie was only twelve, due to alcoholism he could not overcome when he was 37 years old.
As soon as Hannah's disease recurred shortly after she left the rehabilitation center, the children were sent to one of the nursing homes, this time generally known as the workhouse, known for their very poor conditions. The days in this nursing home located in the eastern part of Lambert in the east of London were very difficult for Charlie, who was separated from his mother and sibling and was quite young. These days of poverty, which Chaplin spent in Walworth and Lambert, would leave deep traces on him, and often appear in the places and subjects he chose in his films in the years to come.
Sydney and Charlie later started working in theaters and music halls with the influence of the ability and habit of coming from the family. Chaplin had his serious stage experience while working in the band "The Eight Lancashire Lads".
She died in Hollywood in 1928, seven years after she was brought to the US by her children. Charlie and Sydney, whose fathers are different, had a brother named Wheeler Dryden, born in 1901, over their mother, Hannah. Dryden was kept away from Hannah by her father due to her mother's mental illnesses and was raised in Canada. Dryden, who went to the USA to see his mother in the mid-1920, later worked with his brothers on film projects and was Chaplin's assistant.
After Sydney Chaplin joined the famous Fred Karno company of the period in 1906, Chaplin succeeded in joining this community by following him in 1908. Chaplin toured the USA between 1910 and 1912 with his traveling Karno company. Just five months after his return to England, he went to the US again on October 2, 1912, together with Karno. On this tour, he worked with Arthur Stanley Jefferson, who would later portray Stan Laurel from Laurel and Hardy, and shared the same room. After a while Stan Laurel returned to England, Chaplin stayed in the USA and continued his tour with Karno. During a show in 1913, when Mack Sennett caught his attention, he joined his team by making an agreement with Keystone Studios, which he owned. Thus, on February 2, 1914, he stepped into the cinema where he could fully demonstrate his talent by starring in the single reel film, Making a Living, a silent film directed by Henry Lehrman. Chaplin; Although he was initially suspected by Mack Sennett due to his ambitious attitude and his “strangeness” and independent character due to being an Englishman, he soon proved his talent and strengthened his position. Chaplin, who starred in 35 films during a year with Keystone, quickly became famous.
In 1916, Chaplin agreed with the film company Mutual Film Corporation to make a series of comedy. The films he made during this period, in which he produced twelve films in the eighteen-month period, was among the most influential comedy films in cinema. Chaplin later said that his period with Mutual was the happiest period in his career.
Chaplin founded his own film company after his deal with Mutual ended in 1918. After the audio film period, he made City Lights (Turkish: City Lights), produced in 1931, which is considered to be the biggest movie of him.
Chaplin has zamthe moment made you feel sympathetic to the left view. In his silent films, he made reference to the policies of bad management in the fight against poverty, through the character of The Tramp (tramp) by featuring "The Great Depression". Modern Times (Turkish: Asri Zammoments), he drew attention to the plight of the workers and the poor people. The Great Dictator criticized Nazi Germany very harshly with his film, and the fact that the United States was still officially at peace with Germany at that time led to the film's smear campaign against Chaplin in the USA.
Techniques used in his films
Chaplin has added new excitement to the world of cinema with all his films that his dreams and creativity think and create intuitively. No zamimproved not allowing the screen to turn off completely. In his films, he showed the dialogues in written form by switching to a different screen, but he managed to overcome this job by benefiting from technological developments.
Chaplin's firm stance began to deteriorate gradually after the 1960s, and it was getting harder to communicate with him. He lived in a wheelchair in 1977. Chaplin died in sleep in Switzerland in Christmas of 1977. On March 1, 1978, a small Swiss group attempted to kidnap ransom for ransom, but the thieves were caught before they reached their goal. Chaplin's body was removed from 11 meters under water in Lake Geneva 1,8 weeks later and buried in his grave.
Charlie Chaplin Movies
- My Life in Pictures (1974)
- My Autobiography (1964)