Ali Kemal Sunal (November 10, 1944, Istanbul - July 3, 2000, Istanbul) is a Turkish television, cinema and theater actor.
Kemal Sunal, who made a significant breakthrough with his characters, is one of the actors who left his mark on the history of Turkish cinema. The artist, who started his artistic life with theater, turned to cinema films when Ertem Eğilmez noticed himself. His first amateur theater play was “Zoraki Physician”, which he played while studying at Vefa High School. After taking a professional role in Kenterler, Ulvi Araz, Ayfer Feray and finally in Ostrich Cabaret Theater, Ertem Eğilmez noticed himself and took his first step into the cinema in 1972 by taking a role in the movie Tatlı Dillim. He has been acclaimed for his roles of "the good, pure man" in his films. Although the artist is mainly in comedy movies, he has also appeared in drama movies. The general characteristic of the characters in the films he plays is the man who stands against injustice, always gets a job for his goodness and purity, fights evil with his intelligence and shows people the right way, always "laughing". One of the biggest reasons Kemal Sunal, who defines himself as “a very cold man who speaks very little”, was adopted and loved by cinema audiences is that he was included in his films of the sociological-socio-economic and political developments that took place during the time of the films. ZamThe fact that topics such as people who cheat people, livelihood difficulties, unemployment, immigration and custom are covered in the cinema give many more meanings to his films. These are to give social messages in humorous and humorous criticism of some subjects. The artist has taken part in drama films as well as comedy films, but in all the films he played, he never used the image of "one of us" from the "public". zamdid not spoil the moment. Same zamAt the moment, Kemal Sunal gained acclaim by playing many characters from teacher to guard, doorman to garbage man. He completed his master's degree with his thesis named "Kemal Sunal comedy in TV and cinema". The last film of the artist, who has appeared in 82 films, is Propaganda, which was released in 1999. On 3 July 2000, he died of a heart attack on the plane he boarded for the shooting of the movie Balalaika. The artist is known as the "smiling man".
Born as a child of a family from Malatya in the Küçükpazar district of Istanbul, the father of the actor is retired from Migros, Mustafa Sunal and his mother is Saime Sunal. Kemal Sunal, the family's eldest child, has two siblings named Cemil and Cengiz. He studied at Primary School Mimar Sinan Primary School and graduated from Vefa High School. Completing high school in 11 years, the artist said, “This was not something that came from my laziness and stupidity. We had a group of 15-20 people. We were passing together, we were staying together. It was a contracted group. It was a kind of mischief, of course ... ”. Although he started his higher education in Journalism Department of Marmara University, he could not continue this department. The artist, who worked in various jobs throughout his education, worked in the Emayetaş Factory and also worked as an apprentice in the electrician. He said, “Our economic situation was not good. My father is retired from Migros. During the summer holidays, I would try to help shoes and book money. ” The artist, who went to the military at the age of 35, did not participate in the trainings and took part in the trainings, saying that he “lacks the order of the unity” because other soldiers started laughing when he saw him. Masters in unity "harmonica harmony" is been distributed to group morale was doing military service in many parts of Turkey on the occasion. While the artist was in the Ostrich cabaret theater, he met Gül Sunal, who would later become his wife during the Ankara tour between 1972-1973, and they got married at the Beyoğlu marriage office in April 1975. They had two children named Ali and Ezo from this marriage. He graduated from the University of Marmara, Faculty of Communication, Department of Radio, Television and Cinema in 12, which he left halfway through on September 1995, and graduated from the university. He completed his master's degree with his thesis entitled "Kemal Sunal laugh in TV and cinema".
The artist states that his profile is different according to the characters he plays with the following words; "I am a very cold man who speaks very little in my private life." zamI am meticulous in business and home life at the moment ”.  In the memoirs written by his wife, he never made the household feel the weight of being an artist, and according to the definition of his wife, he never found the profile of the "family man". zamdid not spoil the moment. The artist who always catches up on time for dinner, attaches importance to family relations and is very good friends with his children in this respect, is always sought after in business, family and neighborhood relations, and is loved by everyone; Unlike his movies, he has a structure that doesn't laugh too much and doesn't like juiciness. The artist, who prefers to listen to expression, also has an emotional structure in his inner world. Same zamThe artist, who was a very good archivist at the time, kept the objects of spiritual value such as documents, photographs, memoirs, and letters about himself and his family with great care and order, carefully and carefully preserved everything from the pictures drawn by his children. Most of the artist who likes to wear colorful clothes zammoment has made his wife. The artist, who read all the letters he received, responded to these letters with the same diligence and personally took them to the post office and sent them. Kemal Sunal is compared to the French comedian and singer Fernandel, with both the physical structure of his face and his facial expressions and gestures. Fernandel has translated numerous comedy films just like him from the 1930s to the 1960s. In an interview with him, Sunal stated that he even made metaphors like 'horse-faced', but he liked the fact that Zeki Müren described himself as 'a mixture of Fernandel and Jean-Paul Belmondo'.
Belkıs Balkır, the philosophy teacher at Vefa High School, introduced the artist to Müşfik Kenter, has an important place in Kemal Sunal's career.
Her art life began as an amateur at the Vefa High School with the theater play “Zoraki Tabip”. He was selected as the "best character actor" in "Evening Newspaper High School Theater Competition" with a game they played during his high school education. Beginning to work as a professional actor in the Kenterler Theater after Belkıs Balkır introduced himself to Müşfik Kenter, the artist's first role in this theater is “Fadik girl”. The artist, who received a salary of 150 liras here, later played the role of "Mad İbrahim" in the same theater and his salary was 300 liras. The artist, who left here and moved to the Ulvi Uraz Theater, was on stage for 4 years in this theater. In this theater, he portrayed the character of Orhan Kemal in his work called İspinoz. Later, in the play "Guardian Murtaza", he played the guard, and in the second act of the game, he played a coffee shop. The artist, who left this theater and moved to Ayfer Feray Theater, worked here for a year. The artist, who has a salary of 1500 lira in the last theater experience, the Ostrich Cabaret Theater, has now started to play in bigger roles. While they were playing a game called “Yesterday-today”, Zeki Alasya, who had previously gone to the cinema before, invited him to this theater to select the actors he was looking for for his new movie. During this play, Ertem Eğilmez, who liked Kemal Sunal very much, decided to take part in the first cinema experience, Tatlı Dillim. The artist started his cinema career in 1972.
Kemal Sunal expresses his first years and his orientation towards the comedy with the following words;
“I don't know how, I found myself in the audience on a real stage. My first role in the Sound Theater was very short. I was staying on stage for three minutes or not. I don't remember saying that much. I was entering from one end of the stage and exiting from the other end. I don't quite remember what I did; but the audience is breaking with laughter. I like this too. As you know, I love making people laugh that day. ” The question of why did not you continue to the theater said, “The film was preventing theater rehearsals. When I started to disrupt, I thought it would be better for me to quit. ” He replied by saying.
Known theater plays
- 1966 - “Fadik Girl” - City Players. In two or three different roles.
- 1967 - “Finches” (adaptation of Orhan Kemal) - Ulvi Uraz Theater. the Taşkasapl In the role.
- 1967 - “Crazy İbrahim” (Written by: Turan Oflazoğlu, director: Şükran Güngör) - City Players. Carat Hamal Ali In the role.
- 1968 - “Yalova District Governor” - Arena Theater, Ulvi Uraz Group.
- 1968 - “Close My Eyes, Do My Duty” - Arena Theater, Ulvi Uraz Group.
- 1968/69 - “Fermanlı Deli His Holiness” - Arena Theater, Ulvi Uraz Group.
- 1968 - “Hamhumşarolop” - Arena Theater, Ulvi Uraz Group.
- 1969 - “Murtaza” (adaptation of Orhan Kemal) - Ulvi Uraz Theater. Guard ve Coffee shop In roles.
- 1969 - “Summer is Ending” - Arena Theater, Ulvi Uraz Group.
- 1972 - "Rhino" (Written by Eugène Ionesco) - Ostrich Cabaret Theater. Grocer ve Monsieur Bowtie In roles.
- 1972 - “Yesterday Today” (Written by Haldun Taner) - Ostrich Cabaret Theater.
- 1973 - “Giant Mirror” (Compiled by: Haldun Taner) - Ostrich Cabaret Theater (staged in Ankara Narcissus Cinema).
Kemal Sunal experienced a turning point when director Ertem Eğilmez discovered himself and gave the role of Tarık Akan's basketball player in the 1972 film Tatlı Dillim. About his first movie, On the first day, I went to the back and sat down. I only appear on the screen 8 times. In every aspect of my appearance, hell broke loose in the hall. Big applause and laughter as soon as you see my face. They did not hear the words. My face was interesting to the audience. I think he found someone warm and selfish. SHE IS zamI just leaned back and said, "This is okay." made the comment. Director Ertem Eğilmez gave him the role of a passenger with a Kayseri accent in the 1973 film Canım Kardeşim, after this film. The same year, he starred in the films Oh Olsun, Güllü comes Güllü, Yalancı Yarim. In 1974, Ertem Eğilmez saw that the Kayseri dialect was adopted by the public and decided to shoot the movie Salak Millionaire. This movie was shot with great interest, a sequel from the Village to the Landed City. The screenplay for both films belongs to Sadık Şendil and is the first two films in which Kemal Sunal played major roles. Sunal, who played the district governor in the movie Mavi Boncuk, shot in the same year, began to appear more on the screen with Ertem Eğilmez giving everyone an equal role. Another point that should not be overlooked in 1974 is that Meral Zeren accompanied Kemal Sunal. Working with director Zeki Ökten in the film Hasret, which was shot in the same year, the artist will take his first lead role after this film.
The same year, the artist is given the lead role, and the name of this movie is Salako. This time, the director is Atıf Yılmaz. When the calendars showed 1975, these films of the artist who took part in two films of Zeki Ökten are Şaşkın Damat and Hanzo. The artist, who is with Meral Zeren in these films, now plays the leading roles, but is far from his success in the films of Ertem Eğilmez. In this period, Ertem Eğilmez decides to adapt the Hababam Class, the novel Rıfat Ilgaz, which will turn into a legend, for cinema. Since everyone's role in this movie is equal, Kemal Sunal appears more on the screen. The role of “Cow Shaban” played by the artist will be remembered with his name remaining as “Shaban” in the following years. The artist, who played the role of 4 Hababam Class, meets Şener Şen in 1975, with whom he will star in many films. With the two completing each other, the movies they played in came one after another. By 1976, Tosun Pasha, the Eagle Tibetan movie, was shot. Yavuz Turgul wrote the script for this movie. In the same year, Ertem Eğilmez moved back to the director's chair for the Süt Kardeşler film and reunited Şener Şen and Kemal Sunal. In the same year, the movie Curious Meatballs was shot under the direction of Ergin Orbey, and then he played a role in the movie Fake Bully, directed by Natuk Baytan.
Along with Natuk Baytan's different sense of humor, "hero" feature was added to the character of "Saban". Sunal “fought against the evil in the productions in which he portrays the hero of the pure and the people, and opposed injustice with a humorous presentation. This is more evident in the movie “Fake Bully” by Suavi Sualp's pen. The next film of the artist, who made six films in 1976, is the Hababam Class is Awakening, and Ertem Eğilmez is in the director's chair again. The name of Kemal Sunal is at the top of the poster of this Hababam Class. The last movie of this year is the King of the Doormen, who will later bring him the "Best Actor" award. Zeki Ökten made this film, which was from Umur Bugay's pen. The “Seyit” role in this film, which is completely independent of the character of Saban, is a clever, cunning, stingy and officious character and is the first film in which a completely different Kemal Sunal appears. The artist, who made a total of five films in 1977, is the films of the last Hababam Class, directed by Ertem Eğilmez, directed by Hababam Class Holiday, by Natuk Baytan, directed by Sakar Şakir, Umur Bugay and directed by Zeki Ökten, and finally Atıf Yılmaz. The movie is İbo and Güllüşah. This year, the artist received the Best Actor award at the Antalya Film Festival in the movie The King of the Doormen. With the same film, she was named "Best Actor" by the Association of Cinema Writers. The artist interprets these awards as follows;
“I received the best actor award for the movie The King of Porters at the Antalya Film Festival. There is no such thing in Antalya and Turkish cinema history. This award has always been given to the young, not to the comedian. It was the first time that I destroyed that system. Then I got the first award of the Cinema Writers Association with the same movie. After that, I did not make successful films, but we did not send them to the festivals. For this reason, we were not able to win any other prizes. ”
A joint venture company was established in 1978 with Fatma Girik. This movie company is "Can Film". The company produced the first movie of that year with the film Number One, produced by Fatma Girik and Kemal Sunal. The script and directing of this movie belongs to Osman F. Seden. This film, which deals with the misleading aspect of commercials, is an important point for Sunal cinema. After Meral Zeren, Oal Aydoğan accompanies Sunal in this movie. In the same year, Atıak Yilmaz was shot with Atıf Yılmaz, the Man Who Turns Around the Corner, the Screenplay and the Good Family Boy, directed by Osman F. Seden, Avanak Apti, directed by Natuk Baytan, and the most influential film of the period, Kibar Feyzo. In the movie Good Family Boy, Sunal accompanies Sunal this time. Kibar Feyzo film is a political film produced by Ertem Eğilmez. Although this film, which belongs to Arzu Film, has been censored in many stages due to its political stance, it has an important place in Turkish cinema. In this film, besides Şener Şen, Sunal is accompanied by names such as Müjde Ar, İlyas Salman and Adile Naşit. Atıf Yılmaz is the director of this film, whose script belongs to İhsan Yüce. Concepts such as honor and livelihood are frequently covered in the movie.
In 1979, Sunal appeared in five films. These; Our hope is Shaban, Eastern Bulbul, Fearless Coward, Don't Touch Shabanima and Watchers King. In these films, he worked with Kartal Tibet (Our Hope Şaban, Oriental Nightingale), Natuk Baytan and Osman F. Seden (Don't Touch Shabanima, King of Watchmen), respectively. Sunal, together with Fatma Girik, was the producer of the films Do Not Touch Shabanima and the Watchers King. The two producers made these films for Uğur Film, not Can Film, their own film company. Oriental nightingale has references to celebrities who quickly became famous. Again, in the movie Our Hope Şaban, the social wounds are conveyed to the audience in the element of humor. These films of Sunal, who starred in four films in 1980, are Zübük, Gol King, Gerzek Şaban and State Bird, which are adapted from a novel. Sunal worked with Kartal Tibet, (Zübük, Gol King) Natuk Baytan and Memduh Ün in these films. The movie Zübük has political criticism and has been memorable with the character of "İbrahim Zübükzade". With the military coup of 1980, most of the films shot at that time were censored, and some of the important actors went abroad. Sunal, zaman zamAlthough he has acted in political films at the moment, zamthe moment is gone.
Many "Saban" movies were shot between 1981 and 1985. Although these films lack quality in the name of Sunal cinema, they have made history as productions that managed to make the audience laugh. In 1981, the artist, who worked with Natuk Baytan in Üç Kağıtçı, Memduh Ün in Kanlı Nigar and Kartal Tibet in Davaro, also starred in three films. These films of Sunal, who appeared in two films in 1982, are Seven Bela Hüsnü (Natuk Baytan) and Doctor Civanım (Kartal Tibet). Oya Aydoğan accompanied the artist in the film Seven Bela Hüsnü. In 1983, he appeared in Tokatçı, (Natuk Baytan) Kılıbık, (Uğur İnan) The Biggest Saban (Eagle Tibet) and Çarıklı Millionaire (Eagle Tibet). Nevra Serezli was accompanied in the movie. As in 1983, the artist who worked mainly with Kartal Tibet in 1984 and 1985 played a role in many "Saban" films in this period. In 1984 Sabaniye, (Kartal Tibet) Postman, (Memduh Ün) Ortadirek Saban, (Kartal Tibet) Skip Gel Şaban (Natuk Baytan) films were shot. Fatma Girik accompanied Sunal in the postman movie. 1985 was the year in which the last one of the “Saban” films, Gurbetçi Saban, was shot, and the artist took part in a total of six films. In all these films, the director is Kartal Tibet. This period, Perihan Savaş, Nevra Serezli and Müge Akyamaç were the names accompanying the artist.
The artist expressed his views on the films "Şaban" as follows;
“Even if we don't name the Saban in the movies, I don't think anything will change. Millet knows as Shaban. This year, the firm made a mistake. My movie name is Niyazi. His name should be Atla Gel Niyazi. The posters, the lobbies were all Skip and Come Shaban. One person from the audience did not say, your name in the movie is Niyazi, and the poster is Şaban. He didn't even notice. Kemal Sunal's name is what happens if he is Niyazi, what happens if Saban is? ”
Sunal cinema no longer has the film "Saban" and a completely different page has been opened for its cinema. In 1986, he worked with Poor and Plaintiff, Zeki Ökten, Natuk Baytan in Tarzan Rıfkı, Memduh Ün in Garip, and Kartal Tibet in Deli Deli Earring. While the poor film stands out with its clear expression, the films Davacı and Deli Deli Küpeli come to the fore as “political grinding”. In addition, Garip movie stands out with its drama aspect. This period, Sunal appeared to the audience with stories from the public. The films of the artist, who took part in three films in 1987, are Handsome, Tenant (Orhan Aksoy) and Japanese Business (Kartal Tibet). In the movie tenant, there are references to the housing problem of that period. 1988 is the year when the movies that are important for Sunal cinema were shot and will bring a new award to Sunal. Awake Journalist, Cute Thief, Stubborn, Teacher, (Eagle Tibet) Polizei, (Şerif Gören) Düttürü Dünya, (Zeki Ökten) Bickin (Orhan Aksoy) are the films that he played in this period. Polizei, Teacher and Düttürü Dünya films are different from other films. In the movie Polizei, the problems experienced by expatriates were addressed, while in the Teacher movie, problems such as livelihood, transportation and housing problems were addressed and the big dreams of small people were included in the film Düttürü Dünya. With this film, the artist received the "Best Actor" award at the Ankara International Film Festival. Umur Bugay is the screenwriter of this movie.
In 1989, Sunal appeared in three films, these are Zehir Hafiye, (Orhan Aksoy) Talih Kuşu, and Gülen Adam. (Kartal Tibet) In 1990, Sunal starred in three films. These are Seat Trouble, (Eagle Tibet) Abuk Sabuk Film (Şerif Gören) and Boynu Bükük Küheylan (Erdoğan Tokatlı). The artist, who took a role in a single film in 1991, is Varyemez and is the director Orhan Aksoy. The year 1999 was the year in which the artist's latest feature film, Propaganda, was shot, and Metin Akpınar accompanies him in this film. Propaganda, which is the movie of Sinan Çetin, is a completely different production in Sunal's cinema career. Because the artist has adopted the role of “customs officer Mehdi” just like in all his other professional roles and has put Kemal Sunal in front of the audience, which is dominant in the drama. In 2000, he agreed to star in the movie Balalaika.
Kemal Sunal has appeared in some TV series. These series are low budget and shown in various channels of the period. The artist has often said that the series are shot very quickly, the scripts are created quickly and the series are blinding the artists' talents. These series are in 1992, Saygılar Bizden, 1993 Saban Askerde, 1994 Mr. Kamber and finally 1997 Saban and Şirin.
|1998||Kemal Sunal's Smile in TV and Cinema||Flood Publications||ISBN 9755702628|
|2001||Kemal Sunal Smile||Om Publisher||ISBN 9756827793|
|1977||14th Antalya Film Festival||The best actor||King of the Porters||Won|
|1998||35th Antalya Film Festival||Lifetime Honor Award||Kendi||Won|
|1989||2nd Ankara Film Festival||The best actor||Understanding World||Won|
Sunal has always preferred land vehicles in his journeys throughout his personal life and career and stated that he was afraid of aircraft and watercraft. In various festivals, the artist's phobia, which could not reach the award ceremonies by land vehicle, remained a fear that he could not overcome during his life. On July 3, 2000, he had a heart attack on the plane of Trabzon, where he got on the shooting of the movie Balalayka. It is thought that his death caused a series of chains of negligence. Zeki Alasya expressed her view on Sunal's death as follows;
“It was impossible to get on board this plane by forcing himself to avoid anyone having to go by bus to the place where the film was to be shot.”
According to the news of Milliyet and Hürriyet newspapers, the personnel on the plane were ignorant of first aid and there was no doctor in the ambulance called. The doctor of the artist, who was taken to the "International Hospital" hospital, stated that Sunal had a heart disease and explained that he used heart medications. According to the news of NTV, DSP Istanbul deputy Erol Al, who was on the same plane as Kemal Sunal, stated that there was a heavy negligence and negligence in the death of the artist. The cabin crew of the plane stated that they were not able to intervene in the artist and stated that "we have no training for this, we just tried to relax". DHMI and Medline made various explanations about the health teams' reaching the plane in 12 minutes and the artist being taken off the plane and taken to the hospital after 35 minutes. These statements and health measures at the airport are considered to be inadequate.
The first ceremony for the artist was held at the Atatürk Cultural Center. This ceremony started with the artist's body being brought to the stage at 08.30, with the replacement of the family.
Customs officers were accompanied by the body of Sunal, which was removed from the AKM to be taken to the Teşvikiye Mosque with a police band. Sunal, who played the character of "Customs Guard Officer Mehdi" in the Propaganda film shot in 1999, carried six photographs from the Istanbul Customs Guard Directorate with his son. Lovers of cortege from Taksim to Teşvikiye Mosque had difficulty in reaching the Mosque due to intense interest. During the funeral prayer, which was held after the noon prayer, the police took security precautions due to the intense interest and customs guard officers kept a vigil at the beginning of the coffin. After the funeral prayer, the artist's body, which was moved to Rumeli street on the hands, was put in the car and set out towards Zincirlikuyu Cemetery. The name of Sunal was given to the streets, streets and stops immediately after his death.
After his death
After his death, various institutions and settlements were named to keep his memory alive. On 11 November 2014, he prepared and published a special doodle on the Google Turkish search engine for the birthday of Kemal Sunal. On July 3, 2015, IETT organized the stop named Kemal Sunal within the scope of loyalties.
Public Bus Station
Due to the 15th year of the artist's death, IETT organized the stop of the same name within the scope of “loyalty stops”. The stop is covered with films starring Sunal and photographs of the artist.
- Gul SunalCome on Kemal Come on, Let's Drink Coffee, Doğan Kitap,
- Feriha Karasu Gurses, Kemal Sunal Film Another Life Another, Flood Publications, Istanbul 2002,
- Nuran Turan, Kemal Sunal As a Child, Önel Publishing House,
- Vadullah Tas, Kemal Sunal Explains His Movies, Esen Kitap
Vakıfbank Kemal Sunal Art Center
Vakıfbank Art Center, which is the Private Sector Cultural Center established in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul, is named after Kemal Sunal.
Kemal Sunal Culture and Art Award
A survey was conducted in memory of Kemal Sunal at the Vefa High School, where he graduated, and as a result of the survey, it was decided to give "Kemal Sunal Culture and Art Award" to successful and popular artists.