Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality opens the door of the underground history of the city with the motto of “Culture above and below”. In this context, under the Gaziantep Castle, which is one of the symbols of the city, “Fresh-Brackish Water”, which is a legend of the city, was found 18 meters below the ground as a result of the cleaning works carried out in accordance with the Gaziantep Cultural Heritage Protection Board decision. When the works are completed, the tunnels used for defense until the War of Independence will be discovered around the castle and the city and will be brought to tourism.
Metropolitan Municipality continues to work on history underground as well as history above the city. In this context, he accelerated his work by making the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) temporary list with his kastel and livas study. With the oral history studies conducted with the elderly living in the city, it was revealed as a result of the cleaning works, which is said to be under the Gaziantep Castle and which is a legend of the city, “fresh-brackish water”. In the studies carried out in the northwest of Gaziantep Castle under the supervision of Gaziantep Museum Directorate, it is aimed to find a tunnel system of 18 meters by determining that the ground continues in the south, southeast and northeast directions 500 meters below the ground.
EFFECTIVE USED IN ANTEP DEFENSE
During the cleaning works carried out by the Metropolitan Municipality in the Gaziantep Castle, the old electricity lines of the tunnel were renewed, non-flammable fixtures were replaced, and the lighting system was made more homogeneous. Fortress tunnels, which are known to be a branch of the tunnel systems, which are estimated to have connections at other points in the city and are effectively used in Antep Defense, will be mapped and connected with studies and studies. The brackish water, which was found to be connected to the castels and livas in the city, was examined. With its 6 thousand years of history, secret passages, tunnels, defense systems and castels, zamGaziantep Castle, standing upright defiantly, will be combined with scientific studies and brought to tourism with healthier data, after all the tunnels and water resources are cleaned to the finest detail with the ongoing studies. The Metropolitan Municipality will continue to reveal the historical and cultural structures of Gaziantep and the uncertainties that it keeps secret.
ŞAHİN: THE TOWN AND THE GALLERIES WILL BE DISCOVERED, THE SECRET OF THE CITY WILL BE SOLVED
Visiting the “Fresh-Brackish Water”, Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality Mayor Fatma Şahin said, “We are in Gaziantep's face of Antep Castle. There was a story told in our childhood. They said, 'There is a bitter and fresh water under the castle.' We have now found the fresh water in which the fish swim. There are lines from Antep Castle to Dülük. We are working with our KUDEB president and our entire team, our expert colleagues. Caving is a rising value. It is of great importance to introduce this historical texture under the castle to the world and to attract this network to our city. As of the current studies, we have opened the 500-meter line and we will continue on our way. The secret of the city will be solved with the tunnels and galleries unearthed. ”
ABOUT GAZİANTEP CASTLE
Gaziantep Castle, one of the most beautiful examples of the castle can survive in Turkey is, by necessity splendor and majesty, in both the city center date on which hides a secret edge Alleben creek's south, is on a hill attracts almost everyone's attention at an altitude of about 25 meters. It is known that Gaziantep Castle was founded on a mound dating back to 6 thousand years ago, to the Chalcolithic Period, and that there was a small city called "Theban" in the castle and its surroundings in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD. The castle was first built as a watchtower in the Roman Period in the 2nd or 4th centuries A.D. zamAs a result of the archaeological excavations, it was understood that it was expanded within the instant. It took its current form between 527 and 565 AD, during the period of Byzantine Emperor Justinian, who was called the "Architect of Castles". During this period, the castle underwent an important repair, and in order to provide leveling during the repair, the south section was equipped with the foundation structures consisting of arched and vaulted galleries, the towers connected by these galleries were built and the walls of the city walls were enlarged to the west, south and east, to the border of the hill. The castle as it stands is informalzam took a circular shape. There are 12 towers on the castle bodies. Although Evliya Çelebi mentions 36 bastions of the castle in his Seyahatname, today only 12 of them are seen. It is estimated that the remaining 24 bastions are on the outer walls of the castle and have not survived until today. There is a moat around the castle and the passage to the castle is provided by a bridge. In the years following the Byzantine period, especially the Mamelukes, Dulkadiroğluları and Ottomans, zaman zamThey repaired it at the moment, and repair inscriptions were put on it. The castle was overhauled for the second time in 1481 by the Egyptian Sultan Kayitbay. From the inscription on the main gate, it is understood that the main gate and the towers on both sides of the castle bridge were rebuilt by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1557 during the Ottoman Empire.