Mistakes Made While Swimming Can Cause Shoulder Pain

Swimming is one of the activities recommended by experts, as it is a sport with high muscle activity in which the whole body is exercised. However, pointing out that some common mistakes while swimming may cause pain in the shoulder area, Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist Gökhan Meriç made important warnings.

Swimming, which is one of the most popular activities especially in summer, is also very important in terms of energy expenditure. 1 km swimming enables energy consumption up to 4 km running. However, both professional athletes and people who swim as an amateur zaman zamPain problems can be seen in the shoulder area. Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Gökhan Meriç said that the patients who presented with pain complaints after activity due to intense swimming, structural problems or a different underlying reason increased during this period. 


Tendinitis (edema) in the shoulder muscles, shoulder impingement syndrome, which is a result of the compression effect of the shoulder bone on the shoulder muscles when the arm is raised, cartilage damage in the shoulder joint, tendinitis in the biceps muscle are among the common shoulder injuries caused by swimming. Orthopedics and Traumatology Expert Assoc. Dr. Gökhan Meriç said, “If your shoulder pain recurs after each swimming or if you have pain for more than 2 days after swimming, this may be due to the shoulder problems mentioned above. Assoc. Dr. Gökhan Meriç, among the reasons that reveal this situation, include excessive and intense training, not enough rest time, bad swimming technique, bad breathing technique, low flexibility, unbalanced shoulder muscles, weakness in the center (core) area and decreased hip muscle strength. He told me that he took

Weakness in the muscles triggers pain

In people with weakness in the shoulder and surrounding muscles, the shoulder muscles are squeezed between the shoulder bones, especially when the arm is raised during stroke, and pain may occur due to strain while pushing the water. Assoc. Dr. Gökhan Meriç explained the reason for this as follows: “The shoulder joint is the most mobile joint of the body and it makes this movement thanks to the flexibility of the surrounding capsule structure. However, more loading on this capsule structure creates pain in individuals with structurally looser joints. " 


Stating that the main reason for the swimmer shoulder problem, which is mostly seen in professional swimmers and seen in 40-60 percent of swimmers, is the unbalanced development of the shoulder muscles and movement problems in the shoulder blades. Dr. Gökhan Meriç continued his words as follows: “Swimmers are very knowledgeable about intense exercises that start early in the morning and muscle strengthening. But what many do not know is that muscle imbalance or reduced flexibility can lead to overuse injuries. "


Yeditepe University Hospital Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist Assoc, who said that in order to prevent shoulder injuries, it is necessary to warm up properly before swimming and to increase muscle strength especially before and during the season. Dr. Gökhan Meriç said that it is necessary to stop swimming especially when there is intense shoulder pain. He gave the following information about the precautions that can be taken and the treatment approach: “It is necessary to apply ice to the shoulder 3-4 times a day. Same zamIt is necessary to use painkillers for 5-7 days. Patients whose shoulder pain persists despite rest and treatment are requested to have shoulder MRI. The treatment of the patient is planned according to the MR imaging results. Patients benefit from physical therapy, exercise and intra-shoulder injections for simple ailments. In cases where complaints persist despite treatment, closed interventions may be required. " - Hibya

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