Life and achievements of Saladin, the Conqueror of Jerusalem
TRT 1's new series "Salahaddin Ayyubi, Conqueror of Jerusalem" will tell the life of the great commander who saved Jerusalem from the Crusaders in 1187 and ensured the unity of the Islamic world. Uğur Güneş plays the leading role in the series. So, who is Saladin Eyyubi, where is he from, how old is he? Here's what you need to know about Saladin.
Saladin Ayyubi is a Muslim leader of Kurdish origin
Saladin Ayyubi was born on December 21, 1956 in Tikrit to a family of Kurdish origin. His father, Necmeddin Eyyub, was in the service of the Seljuk Sultan Nureddin Mahmud Zengi. Saladin received military and political training under his father. In 1169, he participated in Nureddin's Egyptian campaign and fought against the Shiite Fatimid State. After Nureddin's death, he established an independent state in Egypt and tried to spread Sunni Islam. In 1174, he went to Syria and captured Nureddin's lands and founded the Ayyubid State.
Saladin dealt a major blow to the Crusaders by conquering Jerusalem
Saladin achieved great success in his wars with the Crusaders. In 1187, he defeated the Crusader army in the Battle of Hattin and captured the King of Jerusalem, Guy de Lusignan. He then besieged Jerusalem and took the city back from the Crusaders on October 2, 1187. Thus, he ended the 88-year-long Christian occupation and brought Jerusalem to the Islamic world. After the conquest of Jerusalem, Saladin showed tolerance to the Christian and Jewish people in the city and provided them with safety.
Saladin resisted the Crusaders in the Third Crusade
After Saladin conquered Jerusalem, the Third Crusade was launched in Europe. At the head of the Crusader army were King Richard I of England and King Richard II of France. Philippe Auguste and Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa of Germany were present. Saladin put up great resistance against the Crusaders and repelled them in many places. Although he was defeated by Richard I in the Battle of Arsuf in 1191, he managed to protect Jerusalem with the Treaty of Ramla. According to the treaty, the Crusaders would take Acre, but they would not be able to enter Jerusalem.
Saladin Ayyubi became the hero of the Islamic world
Saladin Ayyubi passed away in Damascus on March 4, 1193. His body was buried in the garden of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus. Saladin Ayyubi conquered Jerusalem and became the hero of the Islamic world. Sermons were read in his name in Egypt, Libya, Yemen, Palestine, Syria, Malatya, Ahlat, Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia, Hamadan and Northern Iraq. Saladin Ayyubi, the same zamHe is considered the first person to have the title of "servant of the two holy mosques". Saladin's life and achievements have an important place in Muslim, Kurdish, Arab and Turkish cultures. Many works have been written and films made in his name. TRT 1's new series "Salahaddin Ayyubi, the Conqueror of Jerusalem" will also tell about his life. Uğur Güneş will portray the character of Selahaddin Eyyubi in the series. The series will be on screens soon.