Stem cells are obtained from the person's own tissues and can be used in many areas of medicine from dermatology to orthopedics. In addition to the treatment of dermatological diseases, stem cells that increase the amount of collagen in the skin also come to the fore with their anti-aging effects. Specialist from Memorial Şişli Hospital Dermatology Department. Dr. T. Kevser Uzunçakmak gave information about stem cell therapy and skin rejuvenation with stem cells. Where are stem cells obtained from? What diseases can stem cells be used in the treatment of? Can stem cells be applied against hair loss? Is it possible to rejuvenate the skin with stem cell therapy? Are there any side effects of stem cell therapy?
Stem cells are undifferentiated precursor cells found in many tissues and have the ability to differentiate into a variety of cell types. Stem cells can be classified according to their origin and differentiation capacity. Stem cells in the skin help maintain normal skin health and repair the skin after any injury.
Stem cells are obtained from hair follicle and adipose tissues.
Stem cells can be obtained from adipose tissues or directly from samples taken from the scalp for stem cells around the hair follicle. Stem cells are often taken from the tissues behind the ear for hair diseases, and from the fat tissues in the abdomen for facial rejuvenation. Fat tissues can also be taken from the hip and thigh area. In the stem cell collection process from adipose tissue, the area to be targeted is carefully determined. In the procedure performed under local anesthesia, approximately 30 ml of oil is aspirated with special syringes and sent to the laboratory. Stem cells replicated in a laboratory environment are stored in appropriate environments. It is injected into the areas to be treated.
It can be used in the treatment of many skin diseases.
Stem cell therapy; It gives successful results in the treatment of many skin diseases such as systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleromyxedema, Merkel cell carcinoma, vitiligo, pemphigus vulgaris, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, epidermolysis bullosa (butterfly disease) and hair loss. In addition to these diseases, it can be used successfully in many areas such as skin wrinkle treatment and skin rejuvenation, as it can increase new and healthy collagen synthesis. Research shows that stem cells obtained from adipose tissue activate fibroblasts, the cells responsible for collagen synthesis, and secrete various growth factors with antioxidant and wound-healing effects in the skin.
Can be applied in hair loss
Stem cell therapy; It can be used in skin rejuvenation and wrinkle treatment, in hair loss, especially in men and women with androgenetic alopecia, which is commonly known as male pattern baldness. Also; It can also be successfully applied in the treatment of chronic wounds such as leg ulcers, Buerger's disease, pressure sores, deep burns and diabetic ulcers.
Stem cell therapy also comes to the fore in skin rejuvenation
In stem cell therapy, the person's own stem cells are injected into the middle layer of the skin in the area where the treatment is planned, and in this area they can transform into the basic cell type called fibroblast. Fibroblasts are cells in the body that produce the basic structural protein called collagen, which provides flexibility. Collagen synthesis, which decreases with the effect of aging, is increased again naturally with stem cell therapy. This new collagen, synthesized by the body itself, shows its effect within 8 weeks in addition to the increase in elasticity and density in the skin tissue and in fine wrinkles. In stem cell applications for the skin, the effect begins to be seen from the 2nd month. The effect of the treatment can last up to 90 year in 1% of the patients and up to 75 years in 5% of the patients.
The skin is renewed with its own cell.
In other methods such as fillers and botox used in skin rejuvenation, synthetic substances are given to the skin. Stem cell therapy, on the other hand, is a non-synthetic treatment method obtained entirely from the patient's own cells. It is a very advantageous treatment option compared to other treatment methods, both in terms of permanence and in terms of providing treatment for whatever tissue is needed.
Stem cell therapy has no side effects
Since the person has his own cells, there is no obvious side effect after the application in general. After the application, a scar in the size of a red lentil may occur in patients whose stem cells are obtained through biopsy. Stem cell samples obtained from adipose tissue are processed with the help of an injector, and there are no obvious traces at the needle entry points. Very rarely, patients may experience short-term minimal pain during and after the procedure. Stem cell treatments must be performed by specialist physicians in fully equipped centers.