Giving information about obesity disease, the prevention and treatment of which is gaining more and more importance, Turkey Obesity Research Association (TOAD) Vice President Endocrinology and Metabolism Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Dilek Yazıcı emphasized the importance of socioeconomic status in the emergence of obesity.
According to the 2019 data of the Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK), the rate of obese individuals aged 15 and over in our country has increased to 21,1%. Obesity, which brings many physiological and psychological health problems, has maintained its critical position by increasing the risk of death during the coronavirus epidemic. Giving information about obesity disease, the prevention and treatment of which is gaining more and more importance, Turkey Obesity Research Association (TOAD) Vice President Endocrinology and Metabolism Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Dilek Yazıcı emphasized the importance of socioeconomic status in the emergence of obesity.
Emphasizing that obesity occurs as a result of the storage of excess energy as adipose tissue, Prof. Dr. Yazıcı stated that many genetic, epigenetic, physiological, behavioral, sociocultural, socioeconomic and environmental factors affect energy intake and expenditure in the body.
PROF. DR. DİLEK YAZICI: OBESITY IS A COMPLEX DISEASE
Stating that there is an increase in the incidence of obesity with the widespread sedentary lifestyle and the change in eating habits, Prof. Dr. In addition to these, some factors such as hormonal problems, eating disorders and insomnia are also effective in the emergence of obesity, Yazıcı said. Underlining that obesity is a complex disease, Prof. Dr. Yazıcı added that all these factors should be reviewed separately in its prevention and treatment.
PROF. DR. AUTHOR: SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AFFECTS THE DEVELOPMENT OF OBESITY
Emphasizing that factors such as taking breast milk, gaining the right eating habits from childhood, and having an active lifestyle are important factors in preventing obesity, Prof. Dr. The printer gave the following suggestions:
“Actually, the Mediterranean type of diet, which is very close to our culture, is one of the recommended healthy diets. In this diet, the consumption of vegetables and fruits is emphasized, the consumption of saturated fat is limited, that is, margarine, which is solid at room temperature, and liquid oils are preferred instead of butter. In addition, consumption of red meat, which can also be rich in fat, is restricted and consumption of white meat such as chicken and fish is encouraged.
Underlining that ready-made foods increase the risk of obesity due to the fact that they are rich in excess fat and calories and contain additives, Prof. Dr. Yazıcı also drew attention to the socioeconomic factors in the development of obesity:
“Because of the fact that carbohydrate-based foods are more affordable in general, it is seen that the risk of obesity increases due to the necessity of eating this way of people who have economic difficulties in developing countries.”
PROF. DR. AUTHOR: HEALTH LITERACY SHOULD BE IMPORTANT
Emphasizing that an important step in reducing the prevalence of obesity in societies is to increase health literacy, Prof. Dr. Yazıcı said, “It is important for people to know the content of the food they consume and to be aware of what they are consuming. It is of great importance to follow the food components and the amount of calories on the labels of packaged foods in order to prevent excess calorie intake.
PROF. DR. AUTHOR: THERE ARE MORE THAN 300 GENES THAT CAUSE OBESITY
Giving important information about genetic factors, Prof. Dr. Yazıcı emphasized that more than 300 genes are associated with obesity. prof. Dr. Yazıcı added that environmental toxins, food deficiency and high-fat diet cause some changes in genes associated with obesity, increasing food intake and adipose tissue.
OBESITY CAN ALSO OCCUR AS A RESULT OF SOME DISEASES
prof. Dr. Dilek Yazıcı emphasized that the imbalance in hormones and stress can cause weight gain. "Eating disorders such as bulimia, binge eating disorder and night eating disorder can also cause obesity," said Prof. Dr. Yazıcı underlined that insomnia should also be considered in terms of obesity risk.
PROF. DR. AUTHOR: LIMITED NUMBER OF PARK AND WALKING ROADS AFFECT EXERCISE HABITS
prof. Dr. Dilek Yazıcı said, “The person's low mobility and lack of exercise are also important risk factors for the development of obesity. Long working hours, spending long hours in traffic not only reduce the activity of the person, but also leave no time to exercise. However, the heavy use of technological devices is another factor that reduces movement. In addition, the limitations of places such as parks and walking paths, where exercise can be exercised in open areas, affect exercise habits.” He emphasized the role of reduced physical activity in the development of obesity.