Hashimoto's Disease, a type of thyroid inflammation, is often seen in women. This disease, which prevents weight loss, can be seen in all age groups. About Hashimoto's Disease, which shows different symptoms from person to person, Eurasia Hospital General Surgery Specialist Op. Dr. Abdulkerim Özakay explained the curiosity about the disease.
How does Hashimoto's disease manifest?
Hashimoto's type of thyroid gland inflammation or "Hashimoto's thyroiditis" as it is called in medicine is an autoimmune disease that occurs as a result of the attack of the thyroid cells by the immune system, which works to protect our body from microbes. One of the most important causes of thyroid gland failure is Hashimoto type thyroid gland inflammation. Our body produces large amounts of anti-TPO antibodies and anti-thyroglobulin antibodies to destroy the thyroid gland. These antibodies attack the thyroid gland, destroying the thyroid cells and preventing the thyroid gland from producing hormones. When thyroid cells are destroyed and reduced as a result of inflammation, the gland shrinks and there are no cells to make hormones. Eventually, the person develops thyroid hormone deficiency.
Pay attention to the symptoms your body is showing
- Frequent weight gain and loss
- easy cold,
- Skin dryness and swelling,
- thickening of the voice,
- Irregular menstrual periods,
- No milk coming from the breast,
- Loss of sexual desire,
- napping during the day,
Women are at risk
The main cause of Hashimoto's disease is that the immune system misidentifies its own tissues as foreign and tries to attack those tissues (thyroid). When the target organ is the thyroid, the most common "Hashimoto's thyroid" is. In the beginning, thyroid hormone deficiency occurs with the gradual increase in the tissues that are destroyed and then thyroid hormone deficiency. Hashimoto's is more common, especially in women. Estrogen and genetic predisposition are among the risk factors. Although it is more common in the young-middle-aged group, it can occur at any age.
- In patients with type 1 diabetes,
- In those with autoimmune disease,
- In women who are pregnant and planning a pregnancy,
- In those with a history of recurrent miscarriage and stillbirth,
- In those with a family history of Hashimoto's thyroid,
- In people with anemia,
- Hashimoto should be investigated in people with constipation.
There is no definite cure for the disease…
There is no treatment method that will eliminate Hashimoto type thyroiditis or a treatment that will completely eliminate the disease. Treatment is only done to prevent thyroid hormone excess or thyroid hormone deficiency.
At the beginning of the disease, thyroid gland enlargement, known as hyperthyroidism or thyroid poisoning among the people, occurs. When hyperthyroidism attacks that cause weight loss, heart palpitations, diarrhea, frequent urination, insomnia, restlessness and tremors begin, drug therapy is applied to relieve these complaints.
In advanced hashimoto's patients, thyroid hormone deficiency begins and complaints such as obesity, tendency to sleep, fatigue, lack of concentration, forgetfulness, and cold; Medication is given to relieve it. In this drug treatment, thyroid hormone supplement is made externally.