Bladder cancer, in which smoking, paint, metal, petroleum and petroleum products, and exposure to radiation play a role in its development, continues to be the nightmare of people.
Medicana Sivas Hospital Urology Specialist Prof. Dr. Yener Gültekin emphasized that bladder cancer ranks fourth among the most common cancers in men in our country.
Smoking is one of the biggest factors
Stating that smoking and exposure to cigarette smoke is the most important known risk factor, Dr. Gültekin; He stated that some substances in cigarette smoke and excreted in urine increase this risk, and that employees working in some business lines of the industry are also exposed to the same substances. Stating that improving working conditions in industrial environments and fulfilling occupational safety rules carefully can reduce this risk, Gültekin said, “As in the world, smoking is associated with half of all bladder cancers in our country. "Said.
Stating that the most common and important symptom of bladder cancer, which can be fatal when diagnosis and treatment is delayed or not performed, is the intermittent and painless clotted blood coming from the urine, Prof. Dr. Yener Gültekin stated that sometimes bleeding can only be seen with microscopic examination, and in the presence of bleeding in the urine of smokers or working in risky businesses. he told them to be careful.
Diagnosis is extremely important
Gültekin said, “The incidence of the disease increases with age, while it ranks fourth among the most common cancers in men aged 50-69 in our country, it rises to the third rank at the age of 70 and over. In the diagnosis of bladder cancer, it is important to question the complaints of the patient in detail and to know the smoking and exposure to chemicals. Ultrasonography, computed tomography, and cystoscopy are important in imaging the disease. Cystoscopy is a method that allows the bladder to be seen directly with the eye with the help of an instrument. It is used for both diagnosis and treatment purposes, and it enables the removal of parts for diagnosis and often scraping the cancerous tissue for treatment. " Said.
What is the treatment?
75% of bladder cancers are superficial when first diagnosed, that is, the cancer has not spread to the bladder muscle. At this stage, with effective treatment and close follow-up, the person can have a chance to live with their bladder. If the bladder muscle is involved but has not spread to other organs, the bladder must be surgically removed. If there is spread (metastasis), it is tried to be treated with chemotherapy.