Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Associate Professor Ahmet İnanır gave important information about the subject. One of the most common ailments today is hip arthritis. Hip calcification manifests itself with restriction of hip joint movements and pain in the groin. However, it should not be ignored that there are other factors that exhibit the symptoms of hip joint calcification.
What is Hip Calcification?
Calcification is actually a cartilage breakdown. The main joint connecting the leg to the trunk is called the hip joint. The hip joint carries a lot of load. Hip joint calcification is the erosion and deformation of the cartilage covering the bones that make up this joint for various reasons and the loss of the anatomical structure of the underlying bones.
What are the Causes of Hip Calcification?
Hip joint calcifications are divided into 2 groups. The 1st group is more common due to a congenital or acquired structural disorder (such as arthritis, hip dislocation, childhood hip bone diseases, trauma…). zamThese are calcifications that occur as a result of the wear of the cartilage in the hip joint in an instant. The second group is hip calcifications, the cause of which cannot be determined.
At What Age Does Hip Calcification Occur?
The problem of hip joint calcification can occur mostly after the age of 60, as well as after childhood hip joint diseases or congenital hip dislocation. zamIt can also be seen at an early age.
What are the Symptoms of Hip Calcification?
Calcification of the hip joint complicates the life of the patients and zamIt is a disease that significantly reduces the quality of life at the same time. Pain is one of the most obvious and important complaints. Difficulty in daily activities such as wearing socks, getting into a vehicle, sitting and getting up due to this pain are also among the symptoms. Restriction occurs in hip joint movements. Mostly, pain occurs first, followed by restriction in movement. This pain is felt not in the hip, but in the groin area and appears as a pain that spreads towards the knee.
Some of the common symptoms include:
- Decreased joint stiffness and limitation of movement with movement,
- Clicking or cracking sound when a joint is bent
- Mild swelling around the joint
- Joint pain that increases after activity or towards the end of the day.
- Pain is felt in the groin area or hip, and sometimes in the knee or thigh.
How Is Hip Joint Calcification Diagnosed?
After resting the patient's complaints, the disease can be revealed by a physical examination. However, in order to make a differential diagnosis among hip joint diseases, an x-ray is usually required first. In some special cases, MRI and computed tomography examination may be required.
How Is Hip Calcification Treated?
Different options are available to reduce or eliminate the symptoms of calcification. Doctors prescribe medication for pain and inflammation in the joints, but painkillers that do not feel that the lesion does not disappear may cause the lesion to grow further. Symptoms can be alleviated with physical therapy. Surgery may be required in some patients. Drug injections into the joint or surrounding tissues, Prolotherapy, Neural therapy, stem cell applications are among the preferred treatment methods and these should be included among the treatment options to be applied. In the long-term management of the disease, managing symptoms such as pain, stiffness and swelling, and increasing flexibility, losing weight, getting enough exercise is essential.