What is Myoma? What are the Symptoms?

Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Op. Dr. Aşkın Evren Güler gave important information on the subject. Fibroids, which are benign tumors originating from the uterus in approximately 25% of women, are formations that develop from the muscle cells in the uterus in women with hormonal disorders and genetic predisposition. Fibroids, which are one of the most worrying disorders for women, can very rarely show a deterioration.

Stating that myomas are benign tumors originating from the uterus, Op. Dr. Aşkın Evren Güler; “Myomas, ie uterine lumps, are benign growths that occur in the uterus. They occur in about 20 to 25% of women. Since fibroids do not show symptoms when they are small, they are not noticed by most women. However, they can be a problem when they reach a certain size, number, and location. Although they are benign growths, as with all abnormal growths, they should be kept under control by a specialist at regular intervals. said.

Stating that myomas differ in terms of location, shape and size in every woman, Dr.Güler stated that they can be seen on the outer surface or inner wall of the uterus; “Myomas can stay small for a long time and grow suddenly or gradually over the years. Symptoms of uterine fibroids include changes in menstrual cycle, excessive vaginal bleeding, long or frequent menstrual periods, intense menstrual pain, vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual cycle, anemia, pain, feeling of pressure, difficulty in urinating and urinating, enlargement in the uterus and abdomen, miscarriage and infertility. . Surgical methods are generally preferred in the treatment of fibroids depending on their size and condition. The surgical methods used are "Myomectomy" (removing myoma out of the abdomen) and "Hysterectomy" in women who have completed their fertility. Also, uterine artery embolization and hormonal treatments can be applied after clinical evaluations. " he spoke.

The most suitable candidates for non-drug and non-surgical follow-up in the treatment of fibroids; Stating that they are a group of patients with small uterine fibroids and no complaints such as bleeding, pain, pressure on surrounding organs, Dr.Güler; “Not all fibroids require surgery. Fibroids are mostly harmless and may not require treatment. Patients with no myoma symptoms and no serious changes in the size of myoma in 3-month follow-up can be followed up without medication and surgery. The decision of surgery is made according to the age of the patient, the number of complaints, the number and location of myomas, and whether the patient has a child, and the scope of the surgery is determined. used the expressions.

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