Although deaths in the Covid -19 pandemic cause fear all over the world, cardiovascular diseases still remain the number one cause of death worldwide.
In fact, cardiovascular diseases account for about 30 percent of all global deaths. Studies on the frequency of cardiovascular events in the seasons have found a higher risk of death, especially in cold months such as autumn and winter. Acıbadem Bakırköy Hospital Cardiology Specialist Dr. Noting that there is no single cause of this increase in deaths, Nazan Kanal said, “It is linked to multiple risk factors such as temperature change, lack of physical activity, air pollution, infections and malnutrition. Other important risk factors are the tendency of fibrinogen, cholesterol and vasoactive hormones (hormones that cause vasoconstriction) in the blood to increase during the cold months. says.
In addition, another factor is the increased risk of getting Covid-19 with the increase in seasonal flu and similar infections in autumn and winter. “Experience to date shows that those who had chronic health problems prior to virus infection were 6 times more likely to be hospitalized and 12 times more likely to die than those who did not.” warning Cardiology Specialist Dr. Stating that about one in 19 people with Covid-3 suffers from cardiovascular disease, Nazan Kanal continues: “Even though there are fewer cases of heart attack and stroke in hospitals during the pandemic process, this does not mean that both problems are decreasing. Recent statistics show that people delay their admission to hospital or avoid them altogether. However, there is an increase in the frequency of sudden deaths outside the hospital. Cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease and stroke are still the world's leading cause of death. So, in the Covid-19 pandemic, what precautions should heart patients take to protect their health during the winter months? Acıbadem Bakırköy Hospital Heart Disease Specialist Dr. Nazan Kanal explained 10 rules that cap patients should pay attention to during the winter months, and made important suggestions and warnings.
Do not delay your health checks
Do not wait for the pandemic to pass before you have your controls. We have a long way to go to return to the old normal days. Your waiting may result in irreversible health problems or lengthy hospitalizations.
Do not hinder the medicines and treatments you need to use regularly.
Your blood sugar, blood pressure, cholesterol and thyroid values should be normal in these cold months and pandemic environment, where the risk is increasing most. Thus, your whole body system becomes stronger.
Sudden temperature changes can cause stress for the veins.
Sudden temperature changes can cause stress for the veins. As a result, you may experience spasm or shrinkage attacks in the veins. It is quite risky to walk in very cold temperatures, sauna, swim in the sea or pool with cold water and take a shower with cold water. If you have to go outside in cold weather, you should choose your clothes to keep you warm and avoid heavy physical activity.
Vitamin D is important
You have stayed at home for a long time due to the pandemic and your vitamin D production will not be much in winter anymore. Vitamin D is important for the skeletal system as well as for the immune system, the production of some hormones, the health of the vessels, heart muscle and thyroid. Keep your vitamin D levels within normal limits.
Full of work for weight control zamsudden
Staying home causes many of us to gain weight. If you are above your ideal weight, your risk increases for both cardiovascular diseases and respiratory problems. Try to lose weight by reducing your daily calorie intake, eating healthy and exercising. "Is it healthy and will I be able to burn this?" Ask yourself. If you think you cannot do it alone, seek help from a dietician.
Don't forget the exercise
"Staying at home and the social distance rule do not require you to stay still." Saying Cardiology Specialist Dr. Nazan Kanal suggests the following: “For a healthy cardiovascular system, take care to exercise for 5-20 minutes, 30 days a week. You can walk in your house or street, paying attention to the mask and social distance. You can also consult your doctor and apply exercise programs on the Internet. "
Listen to yourself
Don't miss the symptoms of heart attack, stroke and Covid-19 infection. If you have chest pain, difficulty breathing, diarrhea, loss of taste and smell, sore throat, fever, chills or confusion, go to the hospital.
Flu and pneumonia vaccinations are more important than ever
Flu and pneumonia vaccines can protect you not against Covid-19, but from other viruses and bacterial infections. Even if you get sick, it can make you overcome the disease process lighter. If your doctor finds it suitable, it is useful to get flu and pneumonia vaccine.
Protect from germs
Covid-19 protection principles apply to you the most. Remember that the use of masks, social distance and hand hygiene are still your strongest protectors.
Try to stay active
The feeling of isolation can harm physical and mental health. So if you are at home and alone, stay connected with the people and the world you care about. Find hobbies for yourself, find activities to occupy your body and mind.