The train was used for the first time in the world in the early 1800s in England. The train was born due to the allegations of an engineer named Richard Trevithick and a mine owner in Pennydarran, England.
Engineer Trevithick claimed that he could carry 10 tons of iron load with his own steam machine through a rail road from Pennydarran to Cardiff with no difficulty. Thus, on February 6, 1804, a locomotive named Tram-Waggon departed Cardiff with a 10-ton iron load and also a 70-passenger car. The 16 km long Pennydarran-Cardiff road could be overcome in 5 hours, taking into account the waiting and repairs. Despite this successful result, Trevithick was unlucky and could not develop this new machine further and thus proved that the machine was superior and effective than animals, the common means of transport of those days. It is for this reason that the invention of the train is attributed to another Englishman, George Stephenson. In later years, George Stephenson drew and realized the platform, locomotive and wagon designs. Thus, the steam locomotive of that day… has become a symbol of development. Stephenson used the train, which carried only passengers and freight on September 27, 1825, between Darlingthon and Stockton in Scotland. Again, five years later, Stephenson won the competition on the Liverpool-Manchester line, which is of great commercial importance, with a new locomotive model called Rocket that can travel at 24 km / h. But Yuval Noah Harari writes in From Animals to Gods - Sapiens (page 348) that the first commercial train started operating between Liverpool and Manchester in 1830.
After the 50 km long Liverpool-Manchester line, the total length of the railways that were finished or completed in England within ten years reached 2.000 km. Railways began to be used in the United States in 1831, in France in 1832, in Belgium and Germany in 1835, in Russia in 1837 and in Spain in 1848.