Stating that one of the most common types of cancer encountered in children is Leukemia, DoctorTakvimi.com expert Dr. Şükrü Yenice shares important information about leukemia in the 2-8 November Week of Children with Leukemia, and underlines that early diagnosis and treatment save lives.
DoctorTakvimi.com specialists Uzm.Dr., stating that chemicals such as red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes) and platelets (platelets) and chemicals such as proteins, hormones, vitamins and minerals are carried to all tissues by the blood in our vessels. Şükrü Yenice reports that the red blood cells, white blood cells and thrombocyte cells in the blood are produced in the bone marrow.
Reminding that the task of red blood cells is to carry oxygen and carbon dioxide, to take a role in the coagulation of thrombocytes, and to protect our body against microbes and foreign-harmful substances, Dr. Şükrü Yenice states that the production, quantity, functioning, renewal, life span and reproduction of all these cells take place within the framework of a well-organized plan in the body, and cancer also occurs when the cells grow extraordinarily uncontrollably.
One of every 3 cancers seen in children is leukemia
Cancer can develop in any part of the body. Dr.Takvimi.com experts, Uzm.Dr. Şükrü Yenice underlines that leukemia is the most common cancer in childhood and young population. By sharing the rates for leukemia, Yenice stated that one of every 3 cancers that can be seen in children is leukemia, and states that leukemia is the cancer of the white blood cells, but also the presence of leukemias originating from the precursor cells of red blood cells such as erythroleukemia and from the precursor cells of platelets such as megakaryocytic leukemia.
In leukemia, many but dysfunctional cells that are unable to function are produced in the bone marrow. These cells fill the bone marrow and pass into the blood. `` In some leukemias, organs such as lung, liver, brain, kidney, testis may be involved in addition to blood, '' said Dr. Şükrü Yenice continues his words as follows: `` The birth of a child with a high birth weight, preterm or delayed birth, siblings with leukemia in the family, cancer drugs or radiotherapy for another cancer, immunosuppressive treatment due to organ transplantation, some genetic health. are among the suggested risk factors for childhood leukemia. ''
Stating that childhood leukemias are grouped in different ways, Uzm.Dr. Şükrü Yenice said, “If leukemia develops rapidly, it is called acute leukemia and if it develops slowly, it is called chronic leukemia. If the leukemia originates from the lymphocyte group of the cells, it is called lymphocytic, if it originates from the other group (myeloid group) it is called myeloid leukemia. `` Neutrophilic-monocytic-eosinophilic-basophilic-erythrocytic-megakaryocytic leukemias are in this group. '' Sharing the data on leukemia groups, Yenice states that the leukemias seen in childhood are mostly (97%) acute leukemias, while acute leukemias are mostly lymphocytic leukemia (75%). He explains that acute leukemias other than Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia are myeloid leukemias and these are called Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) or ANLL.
Recurrent infections may be a sign of leukemia
Symptoms of childhood leukemia; pallor, early fatigue, weakness, dizziness, fever, recurrent infections, joint and bone pain, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, weakness, headache if it has spread to the brain (metastasis), balance disorder, convulsion, vision problems, difficulty breathing if the lung is affected, chest pain, 20-30% testicular involvement in boys, Kidney failure-high blood pressure, Uzm.Dr. Şükrü Yenice underlines that the disease can be detected with examination findings such as swelling in the neck, armpits and groin lymph nodes, bruising on the skin, nose-gum-skin bleeding during the examination.
In the treatment of childhood leukemia, chemotherapy, targeted therapy-smart drug therapy, radiotherapy (radiotherapy), bone marrow transplant or stem cell transplantation, treatments for complications of leukemia and side effects of drugs, blood transfusion (intravenous erythrocyte, thrombocyte delivery) and psychological support Stating that he used it, Dr. Şükrü Yenice said that the overall survival rate is high and said, “Overall survival is over 80% in ALL, it goes up to 90%. This rate is 60% in AML. '' says.
Emphasizing that there is no preventive method for childhood leukemias, Dr.Takvimi.com specialists Uzm.Dr. Şükrü Yenice suggests that expectant mothers should stay away from infections, pesticide-containing environments, and radiation fields where X-ray and tomography are performed during pregnancy, and states that the father does not use smoking and alcohol and that breastfeeding during infancy reduces the risk of leukemia in children.