Who is Mimar Sinan?


Architect Sinan or Koca Mi'mâr Sinân Âğâ (Sinaneddin Yusuf - Sinan, son of Abdulmennan) (y. 1488/90 - 17 July 1588), Ottoman chief architect and civil engineer. The Ottoman sultans Kanuni Sultan Süleyman, who gave important works in his career, II. Selim and III. Mimar Sinan, who served as chief architect during the Murat era, has been known worldwide in the past and present with his works. His masterpiece is the Selimiye Mosque, which he calls “my masterpiece”.

Mimar Sinan's Origin and Revolution

Sinaneddin Yusuf was born in the village of Agrianos (today Ağırnas) in Kayseri, as an Armenian or a Greek or a Christian Turk. Yavuz Sultan Selim in 1511 zamHe came to Istanbul as a re-used instantly and was taken to the Janissary House.

“This worthless servant is the recruitment of the sultanate garden of Sultan Selim Han, and it is the first time that a boy has been recruited from Kayseri sanjak. zamthe moment had begun. From the novice boys, I was voluntarily elected to the charity, depending on the rules that apply to solid characters. Under my master's hand, I observed the center and the circumference, with my foot fixed like a compass. Finally, drawing an arc like a compass, I was willing to travel to the lands to increase my manners. One zamI traveled in Arab and Persian countries at the service of the sultan at the moment. By grabbing something from the top of every palace dome and from every corner of the ruin, I increased my knowledge and experience. Returning to Istanbul zamI worked in the service of the notables of the time and came to the door as a janissary.
(Tezkiretü'l Bünyan and Tezkiretü'l Ebniye)

Mimar Sinan's Janissary period

Sinan, the son of Abdulmennan, joined the Egyptian campaign of Yavuz Sultan Selim as an architect. He joined the Belgrade Campaign of Suleiman the Magnificent in 1521 as the Janissary. He participated in the Rhodes Campaign in 1522 as the Mounted Horse, and after the Battle of 1526 Mohaç Square, he was appreciated for the benefits he was promoted to the Novice Boy Pedestrian (Division Commander). Later he became Zemberekçibaşı and Chief Technician.

In 1533, during the Iranian Campaign of Suleiman the Magnificent, Mimar Sinan gained great reputation by making three galleys and equipping it in two weeks to go to the opposite beach in Van Lake. Upon returning from the Iranian Campaign, the rank of Hasekilik, which has a high reputation in the Janissary Party, was given. With this rank, he participated in 1537 Corfu, Pulya and 1538 Moldova expeditions. In 1538, in Karaboğdan Campaign, the bridge was required for the army to cross the Prut River, but the task, which could not be established despite the days of struggle in the swamp area, was given to the son of Abdulmennan, Sinan, upon the orders of Kanat Çelebi Lütfi Pasha's vizier.

I immediately started the construction of a beautiful bridge over the aforementioned water. I made a high bridge in 10 days. The king of all creatures with the Islamic army passed with joy.
(Tezkiretü'l Bünyan and Tezkiretü'l Ebniye)
After the construction of the bridge, Abdulmennan's son Sinan is appointed as Chief Architect at the age of 17 after 49 years of janissary life.

Even though the idea of ​​leaving the road in the Janissary quarry was an issue, I thought that architecture would eventually build mosques and lead many worlds and values.
(Tezkiretü'l Bünyan and Tezkiretü'l Ebniye)

Mimar Sinan's Chief architect period

Sinan, who became the chief architect of Hassa in 1538, served as chief architect Süleyman the Magnificent, II. Selim and III. Murat zamThree works that Mimar Sinan, who built it for 49 years immediately before he was appointed as the architect, are remarkable. These are: Husreviye Complex in Aleppo, Çoban Mustafa Complex in Gebze and Haseki Complex built for Hürrem Sultan in Istanbul. In the Hüsreviye Complex in Aleppo, the mosque style with a single dome was added to the corners of this dome and a side-space mosque style was combined, thus complying with the works of Ottoman architects in Iznik and Bursa. The complex also includes parts such as a courtyard, madrasa, Turkish bath, imaret and guest house. Colorful stone inlays and decorations are seen in the Çoban Mustafa Pasha Complex in Gebze. The mosque, mausoleum and other elements are placed in harmony in the complex. Haseki Complex, the first work of Mimar Sinan in Istanbul, carries all the architectural elements of its period. The mosque, which consists of a mosque, madrasah, primary school, imaret, hospital and fountain, is completely separate from the other parts. The three great works Mimar Sinan gave after he became the chief architect are the steps that show the development of his art. The first of these is the Şehzade Mosque and complex in Istanbul. Şehzade Mosque, built in the middle of four semi-domes in the style of a central dome, set an example for all mosques that were built later. Süleymaniye Mosque is the most magnificent work of Mimar Sinan in Istanbul. In his own words, it was built between 1550-1557 during the journeyman period.

The greatest work of Mimar Sinan is the Selimiye Mosque in Edirne (86), which he built at the age of 1575 and presented as "my masterpiece". He dealt with many different subjects as long as he was the chief architect. Zaman zammoment restored old ones. He spent his greatest efforts in this regard for Hagia Sophia. In 1573, he repaired the dome of Hagia Sophia and built reinforced walls around it and ensured that the work came to these days intact. The demolition of the buildings built near ancient artifacts and monuments and that spoiled their appearance was among his duties. For these reasons, he destroyed some of the houses and shops built around the Zeyrek Mosque and Rumeli Fortress. He dealt with the width of Istanbul streets, building houses and connecting sewers. He drew attention to the fire danger caused by the narrow streets and issued a firman on this issue. It is very interesting that he personally deals with the sidewalks of Istanbul, which is a problem even today. The seal engraved on the Büyükçekmece Bridge is the same zamreflects his humble personality at the moment. The seal is as follows:

“Al-fakiru l-Hakir Ser Mimaranı Hassa”
(Worthless and needy servant, head of Palace special architects)
Some of his works are in Istanbul. Mimar Sinan, who passed away in Istanbul in 1588, was buried in his simple tomb next to the Süleymaniye Mosque.

The Mimar Sinan Tomb is a white tomb with a white stone right in front of the Golden Horn wall of the Suleymaniye Mosque, right after the exit from the Mufti of Istanbul, right on the left, at the intersection of the two streets. His grave was excavated by members of the Turkish History Research Institute in 1935 and his skull was taken for examination, but it was observed that the skull was not in place during the next restoration excavation.

In 1976, a crater in Mercury was named Sinan Crater with the decision of the International Astronomical Union.

Mimar Sinan Works

Mimar Sinan has 93 mosques, 52 mosques, 56 madrasahs, 7 darül-kurra, 20 tombs, 17 imarethane, 3 darüşşifa (hospital), 5 waterways, 8 bridges, 20 caravanserais, 36 palaces, 8 cellars and 48 baths. He made a work. [375] In addition, Selimiye Mosque in Edirne province is on the World Cultural Heritage list.

Mimar Sinan's Its place in popular culture

It was played by Mehmet Çerezcioğlu in the 2003 series Hürrem Sultan. Several episodes of the 2011 Magnificent Century series were played by Gürkan Uygun.

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