Suleymaniye Mosque is a mosque built by Mimar Sinan in Istanbul between 1551-1557 on behalf of Suleiman the Magnificent.
The Suleymaniye Mosque, which is described as the masterpiece of Mimar Sinan, was built as a part of the Suleymaniye Complex, consisting of madrasahs, library, hospital, primary school, Turkish bath, imaret, treasury and shops.
Süleymaniye Mosque is one of the most important examples of Classical Ottoman Architecture. Although more than a hundred earthquakes have occurred in Istanbul since its construction, no smallest crack has occurred on the walls of the mosque. The dome of the mosque sitting on four elephant legs is 53 m. in height and 27,5 m in diameter. This main dome is supported by two half domes, as seen in Hagia Sophia. There are 32 windows in the dome pulley. There is a minaret in the four corners of the mosque courtyard. Two of these minarets are adjacent to the mosque, three balconies and 76 m. height, in the north corner of the courtyard of the mosque, the other two minarets on the corner of the entrance wall of the entrance to the entrance are two balconies and 56 m. in height. The mosque was built in accordance with the air flow that will clean the oilwork inside the mosque. In other words, the mosque was built in such a way that it creates an air flow that allows the work of oil lamps to be collected at a single point. The works from the mosque were gathered in the room above the main entrance door and these works were used for making ink.
There is a rectangular fountain in the middle of the mosque courtyard surrounded by 28 porticoes. On the Qibla side of the mosque, there is a treasure house with Suleiman the Magnificent and his wife Hürrem Sultan. The dome of the tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent is decorated with diamonds (diamonds) placed between the metallic plates from the inside to give the image of the sky with stars.
The mosque has a simple structure in terms of decorations. The windows on the altar wall are decorated with stained glass. In the medallions on the windows on both sides of the altar, the Surah of Conquest is written, and in the middle of the main dome of the mosque, Surah of Nur is written. The calligraphy of the mosque is Hasan Çelebi.
The Süleymaniye mosque has 4 minarets. The reason for this is the fourth sultan after Kanuni's conquest of Istanbul; it is a sign that the ten honor in these four minarets were the tenth sultan of the Ottoman Empire.
Suleymaniye Complex is the second largest complex after the Fatih Complex. The complex was built on the highest hill in the middle of the Istanbul peninsula, overlooking the Golden Horn, Marmara, Topkapı Palace and the Bosphorus. In the complex consisting of mosques, madrasahs, darüşşifa, darülhadis, fountains, darülkurra, darüzziyafe, imaret, hamam, tabhane, library and shops, the tomb of Mimar Sinan is a modest small building opposite the outer court walls. Two madrasahs surround the Tiryakiler Bazaar, and there are two small houses on the road behind it.
“In the single-storey madrasah, which forms a facade of the thin long square named Tiryakiler Bazaar, it reminds the imaret of the inner rooms, which are determined by a window in the aegean of each dome, the facade of the madrasah wall in the Sultan Sultan Complex and the dome sequences.
The arch of the mainland was named by Sinan as the belt of kubra. The platform of the mosque courtyard is higher than the road on the Golden Horn side.
Süleymaniye Mosque with the narration of Evliya Çelebi
In the words of Evliya Çelebi, the construction of the mosque was as follows: “Whatever thousand excellent masters architects, builders, stonemasons and marble workers were in the whole Ottoman country, they gathered all of them and for three years, the foundation of the building rose to the ground and the building was built. output. He stayed like that for a year. After a year, the mihrab was placed according to the presesi (alignment rope) of Sultan Bayazıdı Veli. They raised their walls on all four sides for 3 years until they reached the dome. After that, they built the high dome on four strong pillars. The way Süleymaniye Mosque was shaped, the top of the blue stone of the dome of this grand mosque is a round dome from Hagia Sophia and a dome that covers the high world of seven meliks. Apart from the four pillars of this unique dome, there are four porphyry marble columns on the left and right of the mosque, each of which is worth ten Egyptian treasures ... But God knows, these four red porphyry columns are unique in the four corners of the world, they are beautiful columns at the height of fifty cubits ... The one on the mihrab and the pulpit. colored glasses are the work of Serhoş İbrahim. Each piece of glass consists of hundreds of thousands pieces of colored scrap glass with flowers and glass decorated with the beautiful names of Allah, which are praised all over the world among travelers on land and sea, the flake is unprecedented ... The master who engraved marble made a muezzin chamber on the thin column that guya is one of the places of heaven. … With the Karahisari line on the altar, what is Zechariah zamIf the moment entered the altar where he was, he found food next to it (Ali İmran: 37). The verse is written with zehebi laciverd.
And on the right and left of the mihrab there are columns made of twisted, zih-zih, and there are twenty-one-piece camphor waxes on candlesticks polished with a man's size of pure copper and pure gold. At the left corner of the mosque there is a pillar-like high seat, the Hünkar mahfili, ... four columns, four on the corners of the piers. There are Aşırhan makams… There are side suffas on both sides of the mosque… Again, on thin columns equal to these suffas, floors overlooking the sea and the right side facing the bazaar… zamThese suffas worship at the moment… they light candles on blessed nights, all of them twenty-two thousand and hung chandeliers. Inside this mosque, there is a fountain on the two pillars on the side of the Qibla Gate. and Upper Treasure Makes under some arches.
Ahmed Karahisari line, inside and outside of this mosque, is neither written nor required. First, in the middle of the big dome, Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth. The adjective of his light is like a cell with a flower in it. It is in a flower. The oil lamp is a star that shines like a pearl, which is a blessed tree that is not proportional to the place where the sun rises or where it sets, it is ignited and burned from olives. Even if his oil does not touch him, he immediately shines light on the light. God will give things to people. God knows everything well 'and showed seven bases in writing the verse. (Nur 35). In the half dome on the altar ... verse (Enam 79). And in the corner of the four pillars, Allah, Muhammed, Ebubekir, Ömer, Osman, Ali, Hasan, Hüseyin are written. And on the window to the right of the pulpit, the verse… (Gin 18) is written. Beautiful names of Allah are written on the upper windows.
And this mosque has 5 doors. There is an imam cap on the right, a doner kebab on the left, a vuzera cap on the left, and two side gates, it is written on the left side cap (Rad 24), and Ketebehu Ahmed el Karahisari was destroyed in the inscription on the left side.
One can climb and descend to the three lofty gates of the mosque sheriff and the three lofty gates of the harem latif ... and all four sides of this courtyard are windows ... the blacksmith's master Davudi showed art and struck such an anvil. zamThey are bright windows, like puladı nahçevani, without a grain of dust affecting their polish until now. And all the glass like these windows… there is an exemplary pool in the middle of it… The qibla door of the courtyard is a high artisan from all the doors, it is happiness that the white raw marble threshold similar to this door and a hooked and civilized door with multiple interferences has not been seen on earth, it is all raw marble… And there are four minarets of this mosque, each of which is an azan Muhammedi makam… four minarets are ten layers… the minaret with three balconies on the left is called Cevahir minaret… and on both sides of this mosque there are forty taps for freshening wudu.
The elegance and beauty artifacts and all kinds of arts that are at the corner of the foundation, and all kinds of arts, enchanting people, are inside and outside this mosque. Even when the building is completed, Big Architect Sinan says: 'My Sultan, I built a mosque for you when Hallacı Mansur threw Makalidi Cibal Demavend mountains like the cotton from the bow of Hallac on the day of the apocalypse, this medh of the rank is in front of Mansur's bow beam in the dome of this mosque.
An arrow throw in front of the altar is seen in the hıyaban, a humorist attribute, and the monument of Solomon Khan under a high dome - let the earth be light.
On the three sides of the mosque, there is a one-floor outer courtyard, on both sides, a horse-field sand field, a large courtyard decorated with all kinds of grand plane trees, willow willows, cypress and linden and elm trees, ash tree trees, three sides all with windows and ten doors. … The hammam door overlooking the orient side… The bath is reached by a staircase, but on this side there is no wall of the courtyard and a low wall was taken for the city of Istanbul. The sentence congregation stops there and you can see Hünkar Palace, Üsküdar, Boğazhisar, Beşiktaş, Tophane and Galata, and Kasımpaşa and Okmeydanı.
On the right and left of this mosque there are four major madrasahs for four sectarian sheikhs, and a darülhadis and a darülkurra, as well as a medical science madrasah, a median school and a hospital, and a caravanserai, a cafeteria, a caravanserai for those who come and go. Janissary's Palace, a jewelers foundry, shoemakers and the bright bath, which is the house of thousands of servants.
When the Suleymaniye Mosque is complete, according to the building emir and the minister and the trustees of the building, 8 and ninety thousand three thousand three hundred and eighty three freight flori.