Turkey's First National Aircraft ND-36 and Nuri Demirağ


The construction of a twin-engine six-passenger airliner named NuD38 has been successfully completed. Nuri Demirağ aircraft built with the efforts of Turkey's most important businessmen in Turkey meant that no longer make its own aircraft.

Shipping is zamthe agenda in Turkey make their car moments of a debate about whether Turkey since 1936 had produced its own aircraft. Turkey's most important businessmen from Nuri Demirağ's an unfortunate incident aircraft factory was built with the effort and time manager was forced to close on withdrawal of support.

First Railway Contractor Nuri Demirağ

1930 Turkey began to concentrate on railways in years. The railway network in the country would be increased. zamRailway lines operated by foreigners would be nationalized. During this nationalization process, the tender for the Samsun-Sivas line railway construction, which was given to a French company, was canceled. After the cancellation of the construction right, a new tender was held for this line and Nuri Demirağ, who made the lowest bidder, won the tender. So it was Turkey's first railway contractors Nuri Demirağ. Demirağ, who completed this line in a short time, then completes the construction of the Samsun-Erzurum, Sivas-Erzurum and Afyon-Dinar line, that is, the line of approximately 1250 km. In the days when the surname law was enacted, Atatürk gave him the surname Demirağ because of this success.

These were not the only things that Nuri Demirağ brought to the country. He had constructed an iron and steel factory in Karabük, a paper factory in Izmit, Merinos in Bursa and cement plants in Sivas. Demirağ thought that the use of underground resources for the development of the country should strengthen the industry for this.

With the impact of the economic crisis in the 1930s, the military's aircraft needs were met with donations collected from the public and wealthy businessmen. For this purpose, donation campaigns were organized. Turkish Air Agency officials were collecting help from businessmen. Nuri Demirağ said to the officials who came to him for donations, “If you want something for this nation from me, you should ask for the best. Since a nation cannot live without a crew, then we should not expect this means of living from the grace of others. I am willing to build the factory of these planes. ” he said.

Turkish Type Plane Imagination

Turkey's Nuri Demirağ from producing its own aircraft was well with their plans and projects. He thought that a XNUMX percent Turkish-made aircraft had to be built. He said: “Buying licenses from Europe and America and making the airplane is just copying. Licenses are given for demode types. The newly invented ones, like a secret, are hidden in great jealousy. Consequently, if you continue with copying, time will be spent in vain with outdated things. So, a brand new Turkish type should be brought into the body in response to the latest system certifications of Europe and America ”

For this purpose, he built a building to be used as a workshop in Beşiktaş, Istanbul. The main factory was to be established in Sivas Divrigi. Demirağ also bought the Diamond Pasha Farm in Yesilkoy, where the current Ataturk Airport is located. Here, he built a flight site, aircraft repair workshop and hangars.

The First Turkish Plane: ND-36

Nuri was moving Demirağ with Turkey Selahattin Field, one of the first aircraft engineer. The work started to give results in a short time. Besiktas drew Selahattin factory in the area of ​​the project, called ND-36 single-engine aircraft was manufactured Turkey's first. In the same days, the Turkish Aeronautical Association also ordered 10 training aircraft. This is the same when making orders zamAt the time, a passenger plane construction work was in progress. By 1938, the construction of a twin-engined six-seater passenger aircraft named NuD38 was successfully completed. This meant he could no longer Turkey's own aircraft.

The manufactured planes successfully passed the test flights in Istanbul. Thousands of hours of flight were carried out with these planes and there were no problems. A Class A passenger plane certificate was obtained from international aviation organizations, so everything was going well.

The Accident and the Beginning of the End

However, the Turkish Aeronautical Association did not consider the flights in Istanbul sufficient, and stated that the test flights should be carried out again in Eskişehir. Engineer Selahattin Alan, who had prepared the project for the plan of the plane to be tested again, wanted to do it himself. However, this request brought the end of both himself and the Turkish plane. The test flight was ending successfully, an accident occurred during the landing. As Selahattin Alan could not see the ditches that were opened behind while landing on the runway, he hit the ditch so that both the plane crashed and he died. Although the aircraft crashed due to a pilot error, the Turkish Aviation Authority canceled any orders it had previously placed. Nuri Demirağ filed the Turkish Air Association to court. However, the decision from there was also against Demirağ.

Although Nuri Demirağ asked several times to write a letter to President İnönü about the re-testing of the test flights, he did not receive any positive response. International test results could not even convince the Turkish Air Authority to carry out a new test flight. Ismet Inonu Nuri Demirağ wealth from the head returned, but if after all the başlamıştı.iş to accuse those experienced in the first aircraft manufacturing adventure in Turkey ended erdi.nur aircraft produced by Demirağ sattırıl provided in this case led to closure of the factory diamond purchased oldu.Ayrýca in Yesilköy The farm land, that is, the lands of the airport, which it started to form, were expropriated by the state from one and a half cents per square meter.

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