The history of the railways that started to be operated commercially in 1830; It has revealed a process that shapes the modern world. When we look at the history of railways in the world, it is possible to see the huge global effects.
The development of the most important networks in Europe, the influence of British technology, mystical in India and much later in Chinazam When the establishment of systems and also the construction of transcontinental lines in the USA are examined; How railways develop, become faster, more comfortable and safer can be understood much better. It is seen how these developments have changed people's lives and how they have pioneered many other changes. It is obvious how railways help shape the world we live in and accelerate development and change in almost every country. Simply put, the railways transformed the world between the first quarter and the last quarter of the 19th century from a situation where people almost did not even leave their village or move beyond the nearest town market, to a situation where continents could be crossed in a matter of days rather than months.
The train continues with the speed of magnetism, starting with the steam it receives from the steam. The traction of the locomotive increases the speed approaching the aircraft, multiplying the functionality and efficiency of the train. At the point where high-speed train technology arrives, the relationship of locomotives and wagons with rails begins at the starting point of the journey and ends at the end points. Passengers seeking fast and comfortable transport change their preferences and preferences. The advantages of the railways in combined transport increase the superiority of the rails.
Anatolian people also met with the railway in 33 year after 1856 year after the use of steam locomotive for the first time in the world. 23 September The construction of the İzmir Aydın line on 1856 has been a milestone in shaping this geography socially, culturally and economically.
During the 1923-1950 period, in which rail transport was considered as a state policy, a total of 134 kilometers of railway was built, with an average of 3.764 kilometers per year. In this period, railways were considered as a modernization project that encompasses development and development.
The railway move in the early years of the Republic will be incomplete only when considered as a transportation investment. One of the most unique examples of how a mode of transport changes society is this period of the Turkish Railways.
Considering this period, the railroad workshop, school, social facilities, part physicians, sports clubs, printing houses with a great siege; in fact, this encirclement will be seen to provide social change.
At that time, the railways were the same as a development move, a transport mobilization, a modernization project, as well as the results and indicators we mentioned. zamIt is a social responsibility project that has not been named at the moment.
Unfortunately, this rail-based responsibility project was gradually shelved after 1946 and after 1950, with the effect of periodic winds, until the year 2003.
From the 1951 to the end of the 2003 year, where the road-weighted transportation policies brought about by the conjuncture after the Second World War were preceded and a stagnation period was experienced, the railways were completely neglected and only the 945 kilometer railway was built.
In the years 2003-2004; important investment projects were planned to be implemented in the future, and investment strategies were put forward in the railways.
Between the years 2004-2018, total 138 kilometers of railways were constructed, with an average of 1.983 kilometers per year. The construction of the 4.015 kilometer railway is currently underway.
Especially in the last 16 years, our country has given importance to railway transportation and zamIt started to get the reward for its investments. The work we have carried out by focusing on our 2023 goals is now paying off.
1856-1920 / 1923 The Ottoman Period; this period was inherited from the Republic of 4.136 kilometers of railway.
Railways locomotive serves as the foundation and development process in the Republic of Turkey, after years of neglect 50 from 2003 years is experiencing its golden age as it was since the first years of the Republic. The importance given to the railroad has shown itself in investment planning in order to achieve 2023 targets. Since 2003, 91,4 Billion TL has been spent in the railway sector.
Turkey which adds speed to the speed of performing high-speed rail projects step by step; Ankara-Eskişehir-İstanbul, Ankara-Kon-ya, Konya-Eskişehir-İstanbul high-speed railway lines have been completed and opened for service.
With the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway and the Marmaray / Bosphorus Tube Crossing, the Modern Silk Railway is launched and the Far Asia-Western European railway corridor is functional.
Marmaray 2013, the world's most unique transportation project, which was built with the latest technology and which is resistant to the highest possible earthquake, changed the known history of Istanbul and was put into service for our people.
Ankara-Istanbul and Konya-Istanbul YHT 2014, which were built using many different construction methods, were put into service. Thus, the major cities of our country are connected to each other by YHT.
Since 2003, 538 km additional conventional lines and 1.213 km high speed train lines have been put into operation and our country's railway network has been increased to 12.710 km.
Railway Line Length (Km)
|Conventional||Conventional||Conventional||Yüksek Hızlı Tren||Total Line|
|(+ Station Railway Connection|
|(Main Lines)||Line Total||lines||length|
Note: The dismantled and reconstructed 233 km railway line is not included in the total railway line.
Ankara-Sivas, Ankara-Izmir High Speed and Bursa-Bilecik, Konya-Karaman-Nigde (Ulu-barracks), Yenice-Mersin-Adana and Adana-Osmaniye-Gaziantep High Speed Railway lines are under construction.
Used in railway tracks, scissors, sleepers, fasteners began producing industries have established production in Turkey and has started the implementation phase of the project developed national signal.
Egeray / İzban, which provides intercity transportation services in İzmir, was launched in 2010; this project has been awarded as an exemplary project in the world in cooperation with local government-central government and public institutions.
In addition to the new railway constructions, importance was given to the modernization of the existing fog supply and a road renewal campaign was initiated. Complete maintenance and renovation of the 11.497 km of the 10.789 km conventional line.
Complete Maintenance and Renewal of Railway Line Length (Km)
So; By increasing train speeds, line capacity and capability, passenger and freight transportation has become more comfortable, safer and faster.
12 number of 9 logistics centers, which are under construction and project preparation works in regions with high freight transportation potential, have been completed and construction of 5 units is continuing. Our country has come closer to the target of improving the combined transportation by providing the connection of the organized industrial zones to the whole railway network and ports.
In the freight transportation, block train application has been started and freight transport by rail has been transformed into a faster, more efficient and efficient manner. Today, there are national and international block train services.
The towing vehicle fleet has been seriously renovated, YHTs have been added to the vehicle park for the first time, domestic DMU train sets and electric and diesel outline locomotives have been produced and put into service.
Pulling Vehicle Condition (Piece)
|TOTAL||a diesel-powered||a diesel-powered||Electric Array||Diesel Array|
Vehicle Condition (Piece)
|PASSENGER WAGONS||LOAD WAGONS|
|The present-Piece||Capacity -Person||The present-Piece||Capacity-Ton|
The reduction of passenger wagons will continue in the process as the Electric-Diesel train set transportation is started in the regional train and suburban operations, especially in the YHT operation.
Within the scope of the modernization of the existing system, investments in signaling and electrification were also given importance and efforts were made to make all lines electrical and signaled. In 2002, the signaled line length from 2.505 km to 5.534 km; The electrical line length from 2.122 km has been increased to 5.056 km.
Electric-Signal (HHT + Conventional) Line Length (Km) (1 October 2017)
With the legal regulation enabling the liberalization of the railways, the railways were separated as infrastructure and transportation and the private sector was allowed to carry out railway transportation.
39 has been connected to the railway network by the Tekirdağ-Muratlı line for the first time in a provincial center.
The modernization of the stations and stations in the cities has been made as a center of attraction and brought to the historical, cultural and social life of the cities.
In order to increase traffic safety, the level crossings at the intersection of the road and the railway were reduced from 4.520 to 2.909. Improvements are ongoing in the existing level crossings and the number of 1.045 is controlled. Work is underway to turn the 198 level crossing into an overpass.