Sakalar and İskitler (People of the Old Anatolian Hiding) Twitter account of the construction process of the Haydarpaşa Station is given striking and surprising information, while the station, the Ottoman Empire's first project in the process of nationalization said.
Sakalar and İskitler (The Hidden Old Anatolian People) posted on Twitter account is as follows; ”Haydarpaşa station was opened in 4760, which was built in 91 years as the beginning of the 2 km Haydarpaşa-Izmit line, the first leg of the 1873 km Hicaz Railways project. The intellectual father of this mega project was the German Engineer Wilhem Von Pressel. Sultan Abdülaziz had brought Pressel to the General Directorate of Asian Ottoman Railways. (1872) This project was built piece by piece, and between 1901-1908 the Damascus-Hijaz stage (Hicaz: Western region of Saudi Arabia, including Mecca, Medina, Taif) was made entirely with donations.
It is announced that it will be made with donations. zamAt first, the French and Italians had argued that this mega project could not be done, and that the Ottomans swore Muslims. Even Moroccan and Egyptian Muslims at first did not believe in the project and were skeptical.
The first large donation was 75.000 cents. This donation Sadrazam had done. First of all, Sultan ll. When the state officials of the period, including Abdulhamid, started the project with the first donations, Muslims in Egypt, Morocco, India and Russia also rained donations. There were aid funds in almost every district in Egypt.
And again; Initially, the first finance for the project is the 100.000 lira loan received from Ziraat Bank. In the first two years, a loan of 50 thousand thousand lira was to be given in the following years. Thus, he has given 1908 thousand lira loan until the end of 480. Ziraat Bank borrowed from the Ottoman Bank with interest, as this situation negatively affected the loan to the farmers. The goal was to start this mega project, which will start with Haydarpaşa station and be connected to Hicaz and later to Basra, with local and national resources and donations without concession to foreign states.
As the project progressed and approached Hejaz, the British were initially funded by the Bedouin tribes, and raided the construction of the Railway, as the British could not obtain concessions. As the Bedouins united and attacked for the first time in history, construction could only progress with the protection of 15 thousand soldiers. The Bedouin tribes were giving a complete guerrilla warfare, accompanied the soldiers with the military field battalion. The situation had become such that guns were distributed to the workers, but we were doing this project with soldiers because of the scared workers.
With the military battalions working as workers, the cost was reduced by half and the 3.5 million pounds were completed by European companies. 1.7 million of this construction materials and workmanship and so on. were expenses. (Ottoman budget in the period was 18 million)
The Bedouin attacks were compromised because the Bedouin attacks were too long, the attacks were stopped with the privileges given, until 1916, when the Great Hicaz Rebellion was brought to the Emir of Mecca, Sharif Hussein! (Between 323 km El Ula-Medina opened on 1 September 1908 with an official ceremony)
In this mega project; There were 2666 masonry bridges and culverts. Again; 7 iron bridges, 7 ponds, 9 tunnels, 3 factories in Haifa, Der'a and Maan, and a large workshop where locomotives and wagons were repaired in Kadem were built. And again; 1 workshop in Medina, a pier in Haifa, a large station, anbars, foundry, buildings for workers, a pipeline and a business building were built.
There were a Hotel in Maan, a Hospital in Tabuk and a Hospital in Maan, a buffet in Der'a and Semah, and 37 Water Depots in various locations. Three mutual flights between Damascus and Madinah were held daily during the Hajj season. Candlestick; On Mondays, Wednesdays, Saturdays between 07.00 and 10.00, it was departing at 13.00 after noon. He was also departing from Madinah on Tuesday, Thursday and Friday at the same time.
During the pilgrimage, poor and needy pilgrims were provided with free travel on trains. Previously, the route of Damascus-Medina was reached by 40 per day with camels, while the Hicaz Railway went down to 72. Again in this mega project, only Ottoman citizens were employed. ”
“Let me explain without asking why the Hijaz Railways was made with domestic capital, donations and troops. Britain and France had left the territorial integrity of the Ottomans since 1878, which was the underlying reason for limiting the railway privileges given to the British and the French, and then the Germans as an element of balance and attempting to do it with National facilities. Again in 1882, the British invaded Egypt. Again, although we left Cyprus to England before the Berlin Agreement, they were not with us against the Russians. The fact that the French brought troops to Tunisia in 1881 and the voices of the British to the invasion and the French invasion of the Egypt caused the Ottoman to learn from the situation and direct it towards national policies. The Germans were catalysts against Russia, England and France at that time.
II. Abdulhamid was right to turn to the Germans. Because the Germans, like other countries, had no eyes on the land of my Ottoman Empire. Again, like the British + French + Russians did not want to agree between them to destroy the Ottomans. The Russians made it clear with the 1770 Çeşme raid and the 1774 Küçük Kaynarca Treaty. Again, it aimed to destroy the navy with Navarin (1827) and SYNOP Raids (1853). Unfortunately, they succeeded. With the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca, the Ottomans won the patronage of the Orthodox and the Ottomans won the patronage of the Muslims in Russia.
A kind of Caliphate was established with this Küçük Kaynarca agreement. (Sultan Abdulhamid's era-1774) The Caliphate, the Caliphate, which was used by the Ottomans recently, was born with this agreement. The narrations made over Yavuz Sultan Selim about the caliphate are not correct.
Why did I write this topic now? Haydarpaşa Station is the first national project that was made with the return to national understanding after centuries of painful experiences in the Ottoman Empire, where I mentioned some of the above. While making this project the symbol of Istanbul and making it the pride of Tourism like Paris' Eiffel Tower, it is the nation's conscience that it is drawn in advance to a signage company that does not know what it is. This project is both IMM, as well as whether the environmental reclamation of the Ministry of Tourism cooperation is also necessary to take warning Turkey's star of the reasons I just mentioned. "