Marmaray Tube Geçit Introduction Movie

The Marmaray tube passage, the project of the century, was a documentary by National Geographic. The History of the Marmaray Project: The first railway tunnel that is envisaged to pass through the Bosphorus was drafted in 1860. The figure shows a floating tunnel in the sea standing on pillars and proposed cross-sections.

The idea about a railway tunnel under the Istanbul Strait was first proposed in 1860. But where the tunnel planned to pass under the Bosphorus would pass through the deepest parts of the Bosphorus, it would not be possible to build the tunnel above or under the seabed, using old techniques; and so this tunnel was planned as a tunnel over the columns built on the seabed in the design.

Such ideas and ideas were further evaluated over the next 20-30 years, and a similar design was developed in 1902; In this design, a railway tunnel passing under the Bosphorus is envisaged; but in this design, a tunnel placed on the seabed is mentioned. SHE IS zamSince then, many different ideas and ideas have been tried and new technologies have given more freedom to design.

Under the Marmaray Project, the technique to be used for crossing the Bosphorus (immersed tube tunnel technique) 19. was developed from the end of the century. The first immersed tube tunnel, built in 1894, was built in North America for sewage purposes. The first tunnels built for traffic purposes using this technique were also built in the United States. The first is the Michigan Central Railroad tunnel, built during the 1906-1910 years. In Europe, the Netherlands was the first to implement this technique; and the Maas Tunnel, which was built in Rotterdam, was opened in 1942. Japan was the first country to implement this technique in Asia, and the two-tube road tunnel (Aji River Tunnel) built in Osaka was commissioned in 1944. However, the number of these tunnels remained limited until a robust and proven industrial technique was developed in 1950; After the development of this technique, the construction of large-scale projects in many countries began.

The desire for the construction of a railway public transport link between the east and west of Istanbul and passing under the Bosporus has gradually increased in the early 1980 years, and as a result the first comprehensive feasibility study was conducted and reported. As a result of this study, it was determined that such a connection was technically feasible and cost effective and the route we saw in the project today was chosen as the best one among a number of routes.

history of marmaray
history of marmaray

Year 2005: Sarayburnu - Üsküdar

The project, which was outlined in 1987, was discussed over the following years and it was decided to carry out more detailed studies and studies in 1995, and to update the feasibility studies, including passenger demand forecasts in 1987. These studies were completed in 1998 and the results showed that the results obtained previously were correct and the project would offer many advantages to the people working and living in Istanbul and to reduce the rapidly increasing problems related to traffic congestion in the city.

In the 1999 Turkey and Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) financing agreement has been signed between. This loan agreement forms the basis of the projected financing for the Istanbul Bosphorus Crossing section of the Project.

This loan agreement also includes the provision of a group of international consultants who will be selected through competitive bidding. The selected consultant, Avrasya Consult, prepared the Tender Documents for the Project at March 2002.

The tenders were open to international and national contractors and / or joint ventures.

BC2002 “Railway Bosphorus Tube Crossing Construction in 4, covering the construction of the 1 station with strait tube crossing and approach tunnels; Eller Tunnels and Stations ihale was awarded and a contract was signed with the joint venture on May 2004 and work started in August 2004. A second loan agreement was signed with JICA in 2006 for this contract.

In addition, the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the 2004 (2006) have signed loan agreements for the financing of the Commuter Rail Systems (CR1) and the 2006 for the production of Railway Vehicles (CR2) in order to regulate the financing agreements of the major parts of the Project. With the Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB), loan agreements have been signed for the financing of the CR2008 contract in 1 year and in the 2010 for the financing of the CR2 contract.

Contract CR1 anl Suburban Improvement and Electro-Mechanical Systems ”contract was awarded in 2006 (prequalification stage 2004). The ICC Arbitration process, which has begun upon application, is ongoing.

The re-bidding process of the contract under the name CR3 has begun with the publication of the International Procurement notice in July 2010 and technical bids will be opened in January 2011.

Contract CR2 The ini Procurement of Railway Vehicles ”contract was awarded in 2008 (prequalification stage 2007) and the contract was signed in November 2008 and the contract started in December 2008.

Marmaray Promotional Film

Marmaray Questions and Answers

In the Marmaray Project, in addition to the existing data, additional information and data from geological, geotechnical, geophysical, hydrographic and meteorological surveys and surveys will be collected, and this data will be the basis for the design and construction of tunnels that will be built using the latest and modern civil engineering technologies. For details Click here...

The depth of Marmaray is 60 meters. It is the deepest tunnel in the world with 60 meters. The length of the Marmaray tube passage is 1,4 kilometers. For details Click here...

The first railway tunnel to be crossed by the Bosphorus was prepared as a draft in 1860.

The idea about a railway tunnel under the Istanbul Strait was first proposed in 1860. But where the tunnel planned to pass under the Bosphorus would pass through the deepest parts of the Bosphorus, it would not be possible to build the tunnel above or under the seabed, using old techniques; and so this tunnel was planned as a tunnel over the columns built on the seabed in the design.

Such ideas and ideas were further evaluated over the next 20-30 years, and a similar design was developed in 1902; In this design, a railway tunnel passing under the Bosphorus is envisaged; but in this design, a tunnel placed on the seabed is mentioned. SHE IS zamSince then, many different ideas and ideas have been tried and new technologies have given more freedom to design.

For details Click here...

Maximum distance of 76,6 kilometers from Gebze to Halkalı 5,70 tbsp when determining the full fee, students will be 2,75 tbsp It pays. Passengers are 2,60 tbsp s 5,70 tbspwhile students 1,25 tbsp s 2,75 tbsp pays between.

Fee Schedule By Course
Electronic ticket Full Student Sosyal subscription Electronic ticket Marmaray Tickets
Minimum Transportation Fee ₺3,50 ₺1,70 ₺2,50 1 Pass ₺15 (Three-Late) ₺15
Full Track Transportation Fee ₺7,75 ₺3,50 ₺5,40 4 Pass ₺15 (Three-Late) ₺15
Transfer* ₺3,50 ₺1,70 ₺2,50 1 Pass ₺15 (Three-Late) ₺15

*: No refunds will be made for transfer passes.

Fee Charged by Number of Stations
Pricing Groups Full Student Sosyal subscription Electronic ticket Marmaray Tickets
1-7 Stations 3,50 1,70 2,50 1 Pass Three-Late 1 (15₺ one)
8-14 Stations 4,50 2,10 3,10 2 Pass Three-Late 1
15-21 Stations 5,20 2,50 3,65 2 Pass Three-Late 1
22-28 Stations 6,00 2,85 4,25 3 Pass Three-Late 1
29-35 Stations 7,00 3,35 5,00 3 Pass Three-Late 1
36-43 Stations 7,75 3,50 5,40 4 Pass Three-Late 1
First Fee Charged at the Station
Station Name Station Name Full Student Sosyal subscription Electronic ticket Marmaray Tickets
Halkali Yesilyurt 7,75 3,50 5,40 4 Pass Three-Late 1
Atakoy Sirkeci 7,00 3,35 5,00 3 Pass Three-Late 1
Uskudar Suadiye 6,00 2,85 4,25 3 Pass Three-Late 1
Bostanci Bostanci 5,20 2,50 3,65 2 Pass Three-Late 1
Küçükyalı Basak 6,00 2,85 4,25 3 Pass Three-Late 1
Kartal Aydıntepe 7,00 3,35 5,00 3 Pass Three-Late 1
Icmeler Gebze 7,75 3,50 5,40 4 Pass Three-Late 1

For details Click here...

  • Gebze - Halkalı (First train 06.00)
  • Gebze - Halkalı (Last train 22.15)
  • Halkalı - Gebze (First train 06.00)
  • Halkalı - Gebze (last train 22.00)
  • Söğütlüçeşme - Zeytinburnu (First train 06.01)
  • Sogutlucesme - Zeytinburnu (Last train 23.59)
  • Zeytinburnu - Söğütlüçeşme (First train 05.50)
  • Zeytinburnu - Söğütlüçeşme (Last train 23.19)

For details Click here...

Until 2, 2013 suburban train sets with a total of 38 wagons, 10 of which consisted of 12 wagons and 5 of which consisted of 440 wagons, were imported from South Korea. 50 sets of only 586 wagons of the sets with a total cost of 5 million dollars, were put into service in 12 with the commissioning of the suburban part between Ayrılıkçeşme Kazlıçeşme. Since it is not available, it could not be put into service. The sets received in 2013 are still kept idle in Haydarpaşa Station.

For details Click here...

There are many transfer stops on the Halkalı Gebze Metro line. Below you can see the metro lines and stops that you will transfer over Halkalı Gebze Metro Line:

  • M1B Yenikapı-Halkalı metro line transfer at Halkalı station
  • M9 İkitelli-Ataköy metro line transfer at Ataköy station
  • M3 Bakırköy-Başakşehir metro line transfer at Bakırköy station
  • M1A Yenikapı-Atatürk Airport transfer at Yenikapı station
  • M1B Yenikapı-Kirazlı and M2 Yenikapı-Hacıosman metro lines transfers at Yenikapı Station
  • T1 Kabataş-Bağcılar tram line and sea transfer at Sirkeci station
  • M4 Kadıköy-Tuzla metro line transfer at Ayrılık Çeşmesi station
  • M5 Üsküdar-Çekmeköy metro line transfer at Üsküdar station
  • M12 Göztepe-Ümraniye metro line transfer at Göztepe station
  • M8 Bostancı-Dudullu metro line transfer at Bostancı station
  • M10 Pendik-Sabiha Gökçen Airport metro line transfer at Pendik station
  • M4 Kadıköy-Tuzla metro line transfer at İçmeler station

For details Click here...

High-speed train passengers coming from Ankara can get off in Gebze and use Marmaray. In addition, a passenger departing from Ankara can transfer to Marmay by getting off at Gebze, Pendik, Maltepe, Bostancı, Söğütlüçeşme, Bakırköy and Halkalı.

For details Click here...

Marmaray trains run between Gebze-Halkalı-Gebze with 10-car sets at 15-minute intervals, while Maltepe-Zeytinburnu-Maltepe trains run at 10-minute intervals with 8-car sets. Click here for details Click here...

In total in Halkalı Gebze metro 43 stall and the total time between Halkalı and Gebze stops is approximately 2 hours. Passenger leaving Halkali 115 minutes Yani 1 hours 55 minutes he can go to Gebze. From Bakırköy to Bostancı 37 minute With the departure, the travel time of Söğütlüçeşme Yenikapı is 12 minute. Access time between average stations 2,7 minutes. For details Click here...

There are 43 stops in total on Halkalı Gebze Metro line, which has the longest metro route in Istanbul. While 15 of these stops are located on the European Side, the remaining 28 stops are on the Anatolian Side. These stops are as follows:

Halkalı, Mustafa Kemal, Küçükçekmece, Florya, Florya Aquarium, Yeşilköy, Yesilyurt, Ataköy, Bakırköy, Yenimahalle, Zeytinburnu, Kazlıçeşme, Yenikapı, Sirkeci, Üsküdar, Separation Fountain, Söğütlüçeşme, Feneryolu, Göztepe, Erenköy, Suadiye, Bostancı, Küçükyalı, İdealtepe , Süreyya Beach, Maltepe, Cevizli, Atalar, Başak, Kartal, Yunus, Pendik, Kaynarca, Tersane, Güzelyalı, Aydıntepe, İçmeler, Tuzla, Çayırova, Fatih, Osmangazi, Darıca, Gebze. For details Click here...

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